The Worlds Civilization and Government
The information I present in this paper was gathered by myself listening to varies lectures on Youtube about how varies governments and civilizations developed to our current generation. They first were developing speech, culture and the use of tools. As each generation progressed from past to present, each human being added a little bit more to an improvement such as human DNA pool and civilization. Each human being had to fear death, war, disease and slavery in one form or another. The world developed, varies forms of governments as civilizations progressed down to being the present day. What are the rights each human being inherits? Due we inherit the right to life, liberty, practice our own religion, and the pursuit to happiness plus eliminate the fear of death from being killed, war, disease and slavery in one form or another? Due our present forms of governments give us this freedom? This is the way I understand it.
About 300,000 years ago, the ancestors of early humanity were many small groups of individuals (maybe no more than 30 individuals) scattered across the globe living in the stone age. They may not have developed completely into modern human beings. As they continued to lived through many ice ages, they intermarried with many human tribal groups developing new abilities and becoming what we are today.
About 55,000 years ago human beings traveled from the Middle East (The Levant) to Australia (some of it by ocean going boats).
About 10,000 years ago humanity came out of the stone age and started becoming hunters and gathers. The location this occurred is where the continents of Europe, Asia and Africa meet in the Middle East (The Levant) and some consider this the Cradle of Civilization. Humanity at this cross road also had the desert in Africa on the South, the Mediterranean Sea on the West side, the Red Sea to the South East and the Black Sea to the North. The weather and the environment also had a great influence on were world civilization and governments evolved. Location, location, location was everything for where this continued to happen!!! They lived in small groups of most likely no more than 30 individuals and governed by an older family member. It seems to me that on special occasions, many would meet in large groups and there would be exchanges of many things plus intermarriage between the varies human tribes.
About 7,000 years ago, farming and herding of animals displaced the hunters and gathers. This improved the diet, allowed more people to be healthy and live at one spot. The population mushroomed. Then the first towns started to appear in the Middle East (The Levant). To run the cities, it required an individual to be in charge. First, an older family member would be in charge. Next, an individual was selected and become what I would call a prophet who would give advice and guide them. As time went on, a warrior would decided that he wanted to be in charge and he would raise an army and take charge by force of the city. Communities developed into cities with walls and run by a warlord. Then warlords would conquer many cities and rule them as a dictator or king with large armies. The dictator or king always had plans that his descendant would take over when he died. This resulted in two or more individuals who would fight over power with an army on who would be in charged. The dictator or king created things like rules, laws, money coins, what Gods they would worship and who would be slaves. The use of armies to control people by a dictator or king has existed from this time down to the present day. The cooper age started about this time.
About 5,300 years ago, where the continents of Europe, Asia and Africa meet is the Middle East (The Levant) had civilization continue to develop. Development in the Middle East (The Levant) was limited by the dryness of the environment. Traffic to and from Africa was limited by desert and by the dryness of the environment. Traffic to and from Europe was limited by the Mediterranean Sea, mountains and cold weather. The seas allowed movement by ship but storms caused many ship wrecks. Traffic to and from Asia to the North was over vast open plains of grass land. This allowed the development of horses in the open plains of Asia while other forms of farming and herding was being developed in The Levant.
At this time, tribes from East of the Black Sea called the Yamnaya started to expand and move using the horse going to Asia and to the North over vast open plains of grass land. The Yamnaya tribe became known as the Indio-Europeans that spread from India to the Atlantic Ocean in Europe. They brought from India to Europe, the horse, wheel, wagons, beer and the language used in India to Europe. Now almost 50 percent of the world speaks an Indio-European language. They were the third wave to move through Europe. The result was that most of the previous Europeans died off (almost all the males died) and they replaced the population. No one actually knows what happen but there are a lot of theories. They spoke an Indio-European language which developed into our modern Latin, Greek, Celt, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, German, English and other languages all the way to India. The bronze age started about this time. Armies became more powerful using swords, headgear and body armor all made from bronze.
About 3,200 years ago the Iron age started. Almost all nations were conquered at this time because all it took was ship and 100 men with iron swords to sail up to a city and quickly conquer it. The conquerors were promised the spoils of war. It took a while for nations to develop a defense against this. The Romans finally were able to train armies how to defend against this.
From 3,200 to 2,000 years ago, three of the worlds major religious groups evolved out of the Middle East (The Levant). The three major related religious groups are the Hebrews, Christianity and Islam. The Greeks and the Romans developed governments elected by the people but still had the nation run by a dictator or king. No nation valued human life. The value of human life grew as nations adopted one of these world religions.
Starting about 1,600 years ago, hordes of armies on horseback would sweep in from the vast open plains of grass land of Asia and conquer parts of Rome and other nations. Starting about 1,000 years ago, the vikings started sweeping in with there viking ships from Scandinavia and conquering. Starting about 500 years ago, cannons became big enough to destroy city walls, so cities from now on were unable to be defended by a city wall. Starting about 500 years ago, ships became big enough to sail and conquer the world. At this time, the use of armies to control people by a dictator or king existed in almost all nations in the world.
There were a few nations such as Greece, Rome and England that had an elected governments with a king or dictator in charge up to the mid or late 1750's. This was the period when the Industrial Revolution started. In mid or late 1750's, some nations started having an elected person to be in charge of a limited amount of things every four or so years plus an elected governing body with limited power. Such governments had an individual and individual states where one lives with the rest of the powers. These individual states would all belong to a united group of states within a nation. Then the computer and internet age started at the end of the 20th century. The following are some of the forms of governments we have today.
I live in a capitalist government. My capitalist government has an elected person every four years to be in charge of a limited amount of things plus an elected governing body with limited power. Things are not planed in small detail but left to market forces to manage the nation. The government must also make sure that no one is taken advantage of and everything is fair. I think everyone has the most freedom and opportunity to have the most wealth. I think this is the best type of government.
There are some nations that have a communism government. A communism government usually starts with a revolution. Most often communism governments are run by someone who ends up elected for life to be in charge (I think this is a dictatorship). The communism government runs the nation with communism officials within the party governing by doing what the person in charge wants. The individuals governing the state believe they are doing what is best for the people of the nation and not what is best for the individual. The government is run in detail with everything planned all for the greater good of the government and not for the individual. . The problem is they can not know everything in detail and many problems always occur. Example, maybe the dictator in charge does not like a certain class of people and has them executed.
Other nations have a socialist government. The first difference between socialist and communism governments, initially, is how they were created. A government formed not on market forces but on what someone thinks is best for the government is often a socialist government. A government formed by a revolution is often a communism government. I think a socialist and a communism government both end up operating about the same with people lacking freedoms and people poor.
Another form of government is one following a specific religion. Usually this restricts peoples freedom on how one worships, restricts woman's rights and may be a form of extreme elected socialism.
In the 20th century, the world fought two world wars.
All humanity wants is the inherit right to life, liberty, practice our own religion, and the pursuit to happiness plus eliminate the fears of death from being killed, war, disease, religious extremism and slavery in one form or another. The question is what kind of government will provided this and make us the happiest?
The final question is will humanity be stopped by a Great Filter existing in nature around earth or the confines of the solar system and be prevented from going out to Mars and then to the stars of the universe?