Pre-Blair, Nebraska

and

Fish Creek History

-

A Place For A

Wonderful Life

by

Owen Picton

February 2022

Under construction

The purpose for this web page is to suggest that an additional sign be placed at the entrance to Blair, Nebraska behind the trees of the current Blair sign before Hy way 30 crosses Fish Creek. Place the the new sign on unused vacant ground by Hy way 30 and near Fish Creek in an area where pictures are shown further down on this page. The sign would contain information from the "Lewis and Clark Expedition 1804 Notes" of August 04, 1804 that are on the University of Nebraska website at: https://lewisandclarkjournals.unl.edu/item/lc.jrn.1804-08-04. Lewis sailed the Missouri River with a Sextant just as one would sail the ocean. Clark has two write-up's for each days camp site. The first are his notes and the second is his write-up for the book that was published. Notice how Clark describes the land, the vegetation, the animals and birds. Other members of the Expedition also have notes. Some of the things to consider for the sign containing Lewis and Clark Expedition notes are listed further down on this web page. Suggust that the place for such a sign also have a place where one can pull off the road to read the sign. (There is unused land for such a parking place.)

Blair started in the area where Fish Creek enters the Missouri River. Fish Creek was reported to have been named by the Lewis and Clark Expedition in i804 for a creek that the Indians called Fish Creek (only in there native language). Fish Creek is referred too in the "Lewis and Clark Expedition 1804 Notes" on August 04, 1804 as written by Sargent Floyd as Fish Creek Council or Pond. The Lewis and Clark Expedition Notes of August 04, 1804 are on the University of Nebraska website at: https://lewisandclarkjournals.unl.edu/item/lc.jrn.1804-08-04 . On this date August 04, 1804, they camped at the L.S. by a Beaver house near what is now about Blair, Nebraska. To locate other different day locations that they camped at, just do a search on the camp date on the Lewis and Clark website you wish to research.

Things to consider when quoting from the notes for a sign. The sentence where Sargent Floyd referred to Fish Creek is now in the area where Blair, Nebraska is located. What Clark had to say for August 4, 1804, The ponds Clark referrers to must be water sources that flow to Fish Creek. Clark had let Moses B Reed go back and get his knife the night before and he had not returned by this evening. Notice how everyone spelled words. Lewis made some comments. They were always taking GPS locations. Near Blair they passed a place called "the hat" after the name of an Indian who had died there.

They camped at a locations that is now the Washington and Burt County lines on August 05, 1804 https://lewisandclarkjournals.unl.edu/item/lc.jrn.1804-08-05

They decided that Moses B Reed had deserted and sent four men back to take Reed, Dead or alive on August 06, 1804 https://lewisandclarkjournals.unl.edu/item/lc.jrn.1804-08-06

The deserter, Moses B Reed was returned to camp, had a trial, he confessed and sentence to run the Gantlet four times (believed punishment of running between two lines of men who are trying to whip you with many lashings). The Indians felt sad for him. This was on August 18, 1804 https://lewisandclarkjournals.unl.edu/item/lc.jrn.1804-08-18




Entrance into Blair, Nebraska, with Hy way 30 on the left, then crossing Fish Creek

Coming off Blair bridge over Missouri River from Iowa


View of area behind trees

Railroad track on left, road on right and Fish Creek beyond

after coming off bridge over Missouri River

Another view of area behind trees looking back

after coming off bridge over Missouri River



Fish Creek

in Nebraska

after coming off bridge over Missouri River


Fish Creek

in Nebraska

after coming off bridge over Missouri River


On July 30, 1804 https://lewisandclarkjournals.unl.edu/item/lc.jrn.1804-07-30 they camped in Washington County, Nebraska, near the present town of Fort Calhoun, about fifteen miles north of Omaha. These bluffs became known as the Council Bluff.

On July 10, 1804, https://lewisandclarkjournals.unl.edu/item/lc.jrn.1804-07-10 brings up a write up for the day on which the Lewis and Clark Expedition arrived at what is now the Nebraska - Kansas state line. Near that location on the Missouri River on July 10, 1804 the Lewis and Clark Expedition camped and held a court martial for a soldier sleeping on sentry duty and sentenced him to one hundred lashes on his bare back at four different times starting in the evening for four evenings. How punishment has changed. You can put in other dates on which they camped by going to the web site above and put in that date.

On July 11, 1804, https://lewisandclarkjournals.unl.edu/item/lc.jrn.1804-07-11 Where they explored the mouth of the Nemaha River and a sentence says there is a Yellow Clay (Sand Stone) Cliff. The Yellow Clay (Sand Stone) Cliff is the place where Clark says he carved his name and date (his name and date are not known to exist today).

On August 20, 1804 https://lewisandclarkjournals.unl.edu/item/lc.jrn.1804-08-20 Sargent Floyd died. Sargent Floyd was the only member of the Expedition to die. He died at what is now near Sioux City, Iowa from what is believed was appendicitis.

Buffalo Wallows

(Ponds)

Sargent Floyd on August 4, 1804 referred to ponds when he was near Fish Creek or what is now Blair. I think they were really Buffalo Wallows created by buffalo maybe a half million years ago or more. I have been told that there were buffalo wallows all over the state of Nebraska in pioneer times but we do not recognize them. The buffalo would stand on the low water places where there hoofs would dig into the lake bottom and make it hard. Then the hair and skin oils from there hid would get worked into the bottom of the lake making a water tight bottom. These hard bottoms have had there water tight seal broken up by farming and in this case when the railroad cut through the bottoms. I wonder if there were small villages here next to these ponds sometimes over the last few thousand years?

Carter Valley

The first families where Blair, Nebraska is now located had the last name of Carter. They were three brothers with families and there parents. The Carters homestead and the area was called Carter Valley, or Carter Hallow or sometimes Carterville. The name changed to Blair Nebraska when the railroad came.

The railroad selected this area as the best place to cross the Missouri River and go through the large river bluffs West. The railroad was partly owned and managed by a man name John I Blair. He purchasd the land, sold off lots and named the area Blair Nebraska. This information on Carter Valley came from the book "If These Bricks Could Talk" by Donna Henton.

Washinton County, Nebraska

Creation

I suggest an additional sign also be put up related to Washington County creation. Blair, Nebraska is in Washington County. The following information came from the Washinton County Museum:

Washington County was named after our first President? And established by the Nebraska Territorial Legislature on his birthday - February 22, 1855. The following law was made: "... a county shall be organized to be called Washington, and shall be bounded as follows: Commencing at a point on the Missouri River, two miles north of Florence, or Winter Quarters, thence north following the meanderings of said river to a point in a direct line, twenty four miles from the place of beginning, thence west to the dividing ridge between the Elkhorn and Missouri Rivers, or to the eastern boundary line of Dodge county, thence south along said line twenty four miles, thence east to the place of beginning."


Owen Picton

451 16th Street, #116

Blair, Nebraska 68008

USA

ospicton@yahoo.com

Cell: (402) 944-2456

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Last Modified February 2022


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