PICTON OF COSHESTON - I

Below information researched and provided by

Brian Picton Swann



PICTON OF COS= HESTON

 

 

JOHN PICTON of Cosheston, = and formerly of Lamphey in Pembrokeshire, was born ca 1762/3, based the age giv= en in the Cosheston parish register on his burial in 1815.  John Picton, a labourer, married J= ane Edwards, spinster, possibly the daughter of Griffith Edwards of Cosheston, a= t Lamphey Church on Saturday, 3 December 178= 5, by J. Hicks, the rector [HPR/69/4].  The marriage was witnessed by George Edwards and Richard Llewling (Llewellyn); the relationship of George Edwards to Jane Edwards is unknown = at present.  A George Edwards was buried at Monkton in 1826 [entry yet to be examined].=

 

Jane Edwards was bapt. at Cosheston on 12 December 1761, the daughter of Griffith and Martha Edwards.  Jane Edwards had a n= umber of sisters, including Mary Edwards, bapt. 25 July 1759 at Cosheston, Jemima Edwar= ds, bapt. 27 January 1765 at Cosheston and Dinah Edwards, bapt. 23 October 1767= at Cosheston.  Jemima Edwards, a = child, was buried at Cosheston on 7 July 1775.&nb= sp; A Jamina Edwards was buried at Cosheston on 4 May 1766.  Griffith Edwards was buried at Cos= heston on 6 March 1791 and Martha Edwards was buried at Cosheston on 8 April 1791.  The situation is compli= cated by the marriage of another Jane Edwards of Cosheston to Thomas Dawkins of St. Mi= chaels, Pembroke, by banns on 27 December 1788 at Cosheston.  There is also the marriage of John= Jones and Jane Edwards of Cosheston by banns on 12 November 1768.

 

It was quite probable they= were both in service at Lamphey to local farmers at the time of their marriage.<= span style=3D'mso-spacerun:yes'>  Hiring fairs were the common way a= t the time for farmers to acquire unmarried labourers and servants.  There was one held at Narberth in September, and there may have been one held at Pembroke.  The normal hiring period was for t= welve months and the catchment area from which the people were drawn was quite large.  Lamphey Palace and est= ate were acquired by Sir Hugh Owen of Orielton in 1683 and remained with them u= ntil 1822.  The first two children = of John and Jane Picton were baptised at Nash, and there is no evidence of the Picton family being resident at Cosheston until 1795.  Perhaps this coincided with the ch= ange of occupation of John Picton from labourer to sloopman.

 

A John Picton was a coastw= aiter in the Customs and Excise, based at Pembroke, from 1786 to 1791, according = to the Land Tax Returns of Pembroke St. Mary.=   He was not there in 1793.  A coast waiter, according to Webster’s 1913 dictionary, was a custom house officer who superintended the landing or shipping of goods for the coastal trade.  John Phillip Adams was the Collector of Customs for Pembroke in 1791.  Also mentioned on the Land Tax Retu= rns were Daniel Lloyd, searcher; Evan Lloyd, excise officer; Mr. Pykes, landwai= ter; Mr. Pykes, salt officer; Charles Tucker, coastwaiter; Benjamin Webb, survey= or and Thomas Williams, compiler.  It would be interesting to see how these other individuals track forwards and backwards in the Land Tax Returns.

 

Class CUST 18 at the TNA c= overs the Customs and Excise establishment in England and Wales for a large numbe= r of years.  CUST 18/416/72 covers = Xmas 1784 up to 5 January 1785 and has Benjamin Rees and John Picton as tide wai= ters and boatmen at Pembroke Ferry at annual salaries of £6:5:0d.  CUST 18/417/72 covers the establis= hment up to Lady Day, 5 April 1785, and has John Picton as a tide waiter and boat= man at Landshipping Quay at £6:5s:0d per annum.  There were similar officials at Blackstar Quay and Cresswell Quay.  <= /span>CUST 18/419/74 covers Midsummer 1785 and John Picton was a waiter and searcher f= or the collieries at Landshipping at a salary of £6:5s:0d.  CUST 18/423/74 covered Christmas 1= 785 and John Picton was a waiter and searcher then for the collieries, based at Landshipping Quay in the parish of Martletwy, and drawing a salary of £6:5s:0d per annum.  CUST 18/430/74 shows John Picton was a coast waiter at Landshipping Quay at Christmas 1786, at a salary of £6:5s:0d per annum.  CUST 18/436/74 shows that John Pic= ton was a coast waiter at Landshipping Quay in the Christmas Quarter of 1787 at= a salary of £6:5s:0d per annum.  At this time the Milford establishment had no revenue cutter, but th= is was present by 1791.  CUST 18/= 457/74 contains all the Customs Establishment for the Port of Milford for Lady Day Quarter, finishing on 5 April 1791. The Port of Milford covered all the har= bours from Solva round to Saundersfoot on the Pembrokeshire coast.  John Picton was a coast waiter at Landshipping supervising the loading of the coal onto the vessels there.  A duty on coal, carried coastwise = by sea, had been re-enacted in 1787 [27 Geo. III c. 13].  Consequently there were a number of customs officials appointed to ensure that this duty was collected from the various collieries in the Pembrokeshire coalfield.

 

John Picton continued on t= he Customs staff until the Midsummer Quarter of 1791 [5 July 1791] when the establishment book for Milford recorded that John Picton should be paid for acting as a waiter and searcher at Landshipping Quay to attend the collieri= es up to the time of his resignation only [CUST 18/458/74].  John Picton is not recorded on the Customs staff at Milford after this Quarter, and he was replaced at Landshipping Quay by John Allen at a higher salary of £8:15s:0d by the Xmas Quarter of 1791 [CUST 18/460/74].&nbs= p; The Speedwell revenue cutter was mentioned for the first time= in the Milford establishment accounts on Lady Day [5th April] 1792 [CUST 18/462/74].

 

Customs Records to examine= at the TNA include: CUST 38/3 Customs Establishment 1805; CUST 38/8 Salaries at Pembroke 1812; CUST 75, Outport Records Milford Haven and Neyland, 1729-193= 8.  CUST 39/145 covers pensions 1803 to 1856.  T42/8 (1789).  Pembroke and Milford Haven Customs and Excise: Leases and Letter= Books, 1800-1962 (T/HMCE), Pembrokeshire RO.  C 202/269 contains an index to Customs Officials appointed, 24-60 Ge= o. III; the warrants themselves are in C 208/6 [18-29 Geo. III, 1778-1789] and= C 209/17 [24-38 Geo. III, 1784-1798].  Customs Board Minutes 30 October 1787 to 22 March 1788, CUST 28/3; 26 March 1788 to 4 September 1788, CUST 28/4; 2 February 1797 to 27 May 1797, = CUST 28/5.  CUST 29/5 1 January 177= 6 to 1 February 1792, Musgrave’s Notes and Minutes from Board Meetings.  CUST 36/5 Account Book 1814-1828 p= articulars of boats built and registered in British territories, coastwise trade, fish= ing, etc.  CUST 38/1 Record of paym= ents made by Receiver of Fines at Out Ports, 24 July 1782 to 6 April 1791.  CUST 38/2 Customs Establishment 1793-1821.  It should be possi= ble to track to each Quarter when John Picton entered and left the Customs at Milford.  See also T44/35.

 

John Picton, a sloopman, w= as buried at Cosheston on 10 February 1815, aged 53 [Cosheston parish register].  His occupation as a sloopman meant that either he was involved in the coastal shipping trade, o= r in the trans-shipment of coal and limestone from the coalmines and quarries ar= ound Martletwy, Landshipping, Carew and Freystrop.  There were extensive limestone qua= rries at West Williamston in the parish of Carew, and these fronted onto the Carew and Cresswell Rivers.  Other l= ocal Picton families were employed in these quarries [see Picton of Carew. The 1833 Topographical Dictionary = of South Wales says it was possible to navigate barges part way up Cosheston P= ill, and thus a boat’s crew could be living at Cosheston village.  Equally it was about a mile’= s walk from the village westward to Cosheston Point on the Cleddau River.  There was no record of John Picton= or any other Picton family in the Land Tax Returns for Cosheston or Nash for t= he years 1786, 1804, 1814 or 1831, nor for Lamphey in 1785.  This is not surprising, given their lowly status.  The evidence su= ggests that Jane Picton, formerly Edwards, spent almost her entire life at Coshest= on, as she was baptised in the parish in 1761, so it is probable that John Pict= on came from close to that area, and perhaps was sent to work as a farm labour= er on a farm at Lamphey as a young man.  Equally Jane Edwards could have been a servant to one of the more prosperous families in Lamphey.  They were married there, but then later moved back to Cosheston and = John Picton took up a new occupation, first in the Customs and then on the river= , which, although strenuous, offered more freedom than remaining tied to the land.

 

Jane Picton, his widow, was living at West Street, Cosheston, in the 1841 Census, with her son, James Picton, and his family, a pauper, aged 81 [HO 107/1443/4/17].  A detailed analysis of the 1841 Ce= nsus of the names of the heads of the families immediately adjacent to James Pic= ton and his family is presented at the end of this account.  This had the objective of trying to pinpoint from the 1840 Tithe Schedule and accompanying Map exactly where th= ey were living at that time.  The evidence led to the conclusion they were living almost directly opposite Cosheston church, on the north side of West Street and the last house in the village.  In the 1814 Land Tax Schedule for Cosheston all of ‘West tenement’, as it was then c= alled, was owned by Abraham Leach.

 

The Tithe Map for Coshesto= n is in the TNA under reference IR 30/54/19 and the accompanying Schedule under = IR 29/54/19.  The Tithe Map for M= onkton is in the TNA under reference IR 30/54/92 and the accompanying Schedule und= er IR 29/54/92.[1]  The Tithe Schedule for Cosheston w= as made on 16 March 1840 and contains no Picton entries, so where James Picton= and his family were living at the time of the 1841 Census could not be identifi= ed immediately.  The principal landowners in the parish were Nicholas Roch and Abraham Leach.[2]  Nicholas Roch was living in the Ma= nor House at Paskeston, to the east of the main village.  They and their families should be investigated to see if any records of their estates survive.  It is also possible to trace the o= wners and principal occupiers back to 1786 by judicious use of the Land Tax retur= ns for the parish.  A full listing of= the landowners in Cosheston at the time of the 1840 Schedule appears at the end= of this account, in conjunction with the analysis of the 1841 Census Returns.<= o:p>

 

The total area of the land= s in the parish were 2020 acres 3 roods and 16 perches in 1840.  After deductions were made for roa= ds and other small pieces of land, this left a total of 1978 acres.  Of this total some 437 acres was a= rable land, 1450 acres were meadow or pasture, some 47 acres only was woodland an= d 54 acres were described as waste land or mud.=   The Tithe Schedule for Monkton has yet to be examined, and was made = on 31 May 1839.

 

The Roch family lived at Paskeston, a residence about a mile north of Milton village in Carew parish, built in the Georgian style with a modern extension to one gable end.  The early owners are listed in Maj= or Francis Jones, Historic Houses of Pembrokeshire, Brawdy Books, 1996, p. 154.  B= y 1659 the owner was John Rossant, son and heir of James Rossant of Cosheston, yeoman.  The Rossants belonged= to the minor gentry and lived at Paskeston from 1659 to 1780 and acquired a sm= all estate.  The last of the famil= y was John Lewes Rossant, gent., and Mary his wife and John Rossant and Lewes Rossant, gent., all of whom were living there in 1780.  It is likely that there was a farm= as well as the mansion there.

 

Nicholas Roch of Paskeston= was High Sheriff of Pembrokeshire in 1724.&nbs= p; In his will, proved in 1759, he mentions his sons Nicholas, Mark and George Roch and his kinsman, Thomas Roch of Butterhill.  He was succeeded by his son, Nicho= las Roch of Cosheston, who succeeded his uncle (who was still there in 1815) [t= hese are Francis Jones’s words, but they do not make much sense].  Nicholas Roch of Paskeston died th= ere in 1866, and was followed by his son, also named Nicholas Roch, who is include= d in the Landowners’ Return of 1873 as owning 944 acres in the parish.  There is a side chapel in Cosheston church, built in 1754, with memorials to the Roch family.  These include Nicholas Roch, who d= ied on 17 November 1817, aged 73 and his wife, Elizabeth Roch, who died on 11 Nove= mber 1787, aged 45.  Nicholas Roch = died on 12 February 1759, aged 42 and his wife, Lettice Roch, died on 12 May 176= 0, aged 41.  They had a large num= ber of daughters, who included Mary, Margaret, Jane, Martha, Elizabeth, Lettice, Philippa and Ann Roch.  Mark R= och of Carmarthen died on 1 January 1818, aged 73.  George Roch of Bristol died on 22 October 1825, aged 73.  Nichol= as Roch of Paskeston, DD, Rector of Talbenny and Tenby, died 10 December 1830, aged 58.

 

The will of John Rossant of Cosheston, yeoman, in 1659 mentions “The house called the Hall at Cosheston”.  His son, Francis Rossant, was assessed at two hearths in 1670.  In 1786 the Hall was owned and occ= upied by Abraham Leach.  The Hall was entirely rebuilt in the mid-nineteenth century.

 

The principal mansion of t= he Leach family was Corston, a mansion to the north-east of Castlemartin village.  Until about 1770 it = was in the hands of the Meares family.  The last of the family, William Meares, sold Corston in 1770 to John Prout, a yeoman of Moor, and after his death about 1780, Corston passed by purchase = to Abraham Leach of Pembroke, and it remained the seat of that family until the death without issue of Brigadier-General H. E. Burleigh Leach on 16 August = 1936 [Roland Thorne, History of the Leach Family Pembrokeshire Historian, 1981; Historic Houses of Pembrokeshire, p. 43].  Abraham Leach was bapt. = at St. Michael’s, Pembroke, on 13 August 1729.  He married Margaret Allen, the dau= ghter of John Allen of Cresselly, on 30 November 1757 at Jeffreyston, the seat of that family.  Margaret Leach d= ied on 22 April 1770.  Abraham Leach = was Mayor of Pembroke in 1791 and left a will, dated 5 November 1809 and proved= at the PCC in August 1811.  He di= ed on 12 May 1811.

 

His will demonstrates the extensive estates of the Leach family at that time.  He appointed his son, John Leach, = as his sole executor.  He left an ann= uity of £10, charged on his freehold property in Cosheston, to his servant, Elizabeth Hitchings, together with the use of a dwelling house recently rebuilt, adjoining the farmhouse on the tenement called Hall at Cosheston f= or her life.  He left his freehold lands in Monkton, Llawhaden, Nash, Whitchurch, Cosheston, East Williamston, Begelly and St. Mary, Tenby to John Hensleigh Allen of Cresselly and his brother, Lancelot Baugh Allen, to be held by them on trust for his eldest s= on, Abraham Leach, for life, and afterwards on trust for his grandson, Henry Le= ach, and his issue.  He left his leasehold properties in the three parishes of Pembroke to his son, John Lea= ch, and gave the following legacies.  To his daughter, Elizabeth Leach, £3000; to his grand-daughter, Anne Mar= ia Tyler, £2000; to each of the children of his son, Abraham Leach, £500 to be invested in consols and the stock to be transferred to the= m on attaining the age of 21 and an equal share in the sale price of his cattle, stock and instruments of husbandry at his farm at Corston, Monkton.  To each of his five grand-children= by his daughter, Margaret Tyler, £500 to be invested in consols and transferred, as above.  All th= e rest of his ready money and residual estate was to go to his son, John Leach.

 

Abraham Leach, the eldest = son of Abraham Leach, was bapt. in July 1763.&nbs= p; He married Catherine Smyth and they had quite a large family.  Abraham Leach was Mayor of Pembrok= e in 1802 and made his will on 23 August 1832.&= nbsp; He appointed his wife, Catherine Leach, as his sole executrix and le= ft all his personal property to her.  He desired to “Be buried privately and decently in Monkton Church Yard in a leaden coffin, near by departed son, William [Leach] and t= he grave to be lined with bricks and large enough to take my beloved wife or a= ny of my children that should wish to be buried in the same grave”.<= span style=3D'mso-spacerun:yes'>  Abraham Leach died on 19 March 184= 3 and probate was granted to Catherine Leach and Henry Leach on 23 September 1843 [PCC, 1843, f. 645].  On 29 September 1864 administration with the will annexed was granted to the Rev. Francis George Leach in respect of the estate left unadministered by Cather= ine Leach and her son, Henry Leach, the latter having survived his mother, but = died intestate.  Catherine Leach di= ed on 19 March 1861, aged 95, and was buried at Monkton on 26 March 1861.  The papers of the Leach Family of Corston are deposited at the National Library of Wales in 10 uncatalogued b= oxes [Roland Thorne, The Pembrokeshire Historian, Volume 7, p, 51].  Records for the Leach family of Co= rston and the Roch family of Paskeston are also in the Pembrokeshire Record Office [2004 Communication].

 

In the parish of Nash the earlier landowners were the Davies family [Historic Houses of Pembrokesh= ire and Their Families, p. 138-139].  Thomas Davies of Nash was High Sheriff of Pembrokeshire in 1737 and = died on 27 April 1741, in his 71st year.  A memorial tablet to him in the church at Nash is engraved with the family Arms: -argent, a chevron between three bulls heads caboshed sable- style=3D'mso-spacerun:yes'>  The Davies family were probably leaseholders, for Lower Nash continued to form part of the Upton Castle Estate.  In the latter half of= the 18th century Upton was divided between four daughters and co-heiresses, and parts of the estate were sold off.  In 1786 Henry Leach owned Lower Nash, with John Roch as tenant, while Upper Nash was owned by the Revd. William Holcombe, Rector of Cosheston.  On 17 October 1800 Mary Roch of Lo= wer Nash Farm made her will and mentioned her brother, John Roch of Lower Nash.  In 1840, Lower Nash, th= en some 178 acres, was owned by Abraham Leach, with Richard Llewelin as tenant= .

 

Jane Picton died at Newbri= dge, in the parish of Monkton, on 4 April 1848 and was buried at Cosheston on 6 April 1848, aged “91” [probably aged 86].  The informant was Margaret Picton, present at her death, and she is most likely to be Margaret Picton, the wif= e of John Picton, Jane Picton’s eldest son, with whom she was living, presumably, at the time.

 

John and Jane Picton were = the parents of:

 

1.  ANNE PICTON, bapt. on 15 February 1= 789 at Nash.

 

2.  = JOHN PICTON, bapt. on 11 December 1791 at Nash.  John Picton married Margaret Willi= ams on 5 November 1814 at Cosheston [Witnesses: ].  = John Picton was a labourer at Kingston farm in the parish of Pembroke St. Michael from 1820 to at least 1833.  J= ohn Picton was later living at Windmill Hill in the parish of Pembroke St. Mary= , in the 1841 Census, aged ‘45’ an agricultural labourer [HO 107/1451/1/5] and at Saises Ford in the parish of St. Petrox in the 1851 Ce= nsus, an agricultural labourer aged 59, born at Nash, together with his wife, Margaret Picton, aged 63, place of birth not known [HO 107/2476/640].  John Picton was living at Orchard Buildings, Pembroke St. Michael, in the 1861 Census, a labourer aged 69, bo= rn at Lamphey, together with his wife, Margaret Picton, aged 73, born at Haverfordwest, and with their son-in-law and daughter, William and Frances Charette [RG 9/4154/39].

 

Margaret Pict= on of Orchard Buildings, Pembroke St. Michael, his wife, died on 25 June 1864, ag= ed 77, and was buried at Pembroke St. Michael on 29 June 1864, aged 77 [Pembro= ke, June 1864, 11a 474].  John Pic= ton was a widower, head of the family, aged 79, born at Cosheston, and living at Orchard Buildings, Pembroke St. Michael, together with his daughter, Frances Charette, in the 1871 Census [RG 10/5514/63].  John Picton was living at Pembroke= Dock in 1874.  John Picton died in = 1878, aged 87 and was buried at Pembroke St. Michael on 24 December 1878, aged 87 [Pembroke, December 1878, 11a 511].  John and Margaret Picton were the parents of:

 

a.  ANN(E) PICTON, bapt. 25 December 18= 17 at Cosheston.  She was not living= with her parents in the 1841 Census.  Anne Picton of Deldake in the parish of Pembroke St. Michael was buried on 13 Ma= rch 1833 at Pembroke St. Michael, aged 15.

 

b.  = GEORGE PICTON, of Kingston farm, was bapt. 6 August 1820 at Pembroke St. Michael.  He was not living wi= th his parents, John and Margaret Picton, in the 1841 Census.  There is a George Picton, who marr= ied in 1850, but this marriage probably does not relate to this branch of the Pict= on family, see Picton of Haverfordwest [Haverfordwest, December 1850, 26 1088].  Ther= e is no record of him in the 1841 and 1851 Census Returns for Wales.<= /span>

 

c.  JOHN PICTON, of Kingston farm, was = bapt. 6 April 1823 at Pembroke St. Michael.  He was living with his parents in the 1841 Census, an agricultural labourer, aged 18 [HO 107/1451/1/5].  He was not found in the 1851 Census of Wales, but he is not the John Picton who died in 1850 [Pembroke, December 1850, 26 504] as this certifica= te relates to the death of a John Picton of the Burton branch of the surname.<= o:p>

 

d.  = JAMES PICTON, bapt. 9 June 1826 at Pembroke St. Michael.  His parents, John and Margaret Pic= ton, were living at ‘Kingsfold’ in the parish.  He was not living with his parents= in the 1841 Census [HO 107/1451/1/5].  <= /span>James Picton of Lamaston in the parish of Pembroke St. Michael, son of John Picto= n, a labourer aged 27, married Margaret Evans of Penffordd, aged 25, daughter of William Evans, a labourer.  Th= ey were married on 22 November 1853 at Bletherston Chapel in the parish of Llawhaden [Witnesses: Mary Evans and William Evans; Narberth, December 1853, 11a 1059].  James Picton was a witness at the wedding of his sister, Frances Picton, in 1854.  James Picton was living at Lamasto= n Hill in the parish of St. Michael, Pembroke, in 1857 when his eldest son was baptised.

 

James Picton = was living at Little Lammaston in the parish of Pembroke St. Michael in the 1861 Census, an agricultural labourer aged 34, born at Pembroke [RG 9/4154/22].<= span style=3D'mso-spacerun:yes'>  Also living with him was his wife, Margaret Picton, aged 32, born at Maenclochog.  James Picton was living at Orange Gardens, Monkton, in 1863 and at India Row, Monkton, in 1864.  James Picton and his family were l= iving at Wheatstone Hill in the 1871 Census, an agricultural labourer aged 44, bo= rn at Pembroke [RG 10/5514/47], and afterwards at Alleston, Pembroke, in 1874.  He was a labourer on the railway, living at Grove Hill, Pembroke St. Michael, in the 1881 Census, ag= ed 53, together with his wife, Margaret Picton, aged 52 [RG 11/5410/55].  James Picton was living at Well Hi= ll, Pembroke St. Michael, in the 1891 Census, an agricultural labourer, aged 64, born at Pembroke, with his wife, Margaret Picton, aged 62, born at Llandeilo [RG 12/4528/81].  He is probably t= he James Picton of Pembroke St. Michael, recorded in the 1901 Census living at Grove Bridge, Pembroke, aged 74, a general labourer, with his wife, Margaret Picton, aged 72, born at Llandissilio [RG 13/5121/116].  James Picton, a general labourer, = died on 3 February 1906 at Merlin’s Cross, aged 78 [Pembroke, March 1906, 11a= 726].  His death was registered by his so= n, Philip Picton of 4 Owen’s Street, Orange Gardens, Pembroke.  Margaret Picton died in 1914, aged= 85 [Pembroke, September 1914, = 11a 1223].  James and Marga= ret Picton were the parents of:

 

i.   MARY ANN PICTON, born 1853 at Bletherston [Narberth, December 1853, 11a 498].  She was living with her parents in= the 1861 Census, aged 7 [RG 9/4154/22].  She is probably the Mary Ann Picton living with Margaret Beddoe and = family at Manorbier in the 1871 Census, aged 18, born at Pembroke [RG 10/5512/103].  Mary Ann Picton married in 1875 [Pembroke, June 1875, 11a 1095] or in 1878 [Pembroke, March 1878, 11a 887] or in 1883 [Pembroke, September 1883, 11a 1247].<= /span>

 

ii.  MARTHA PICTON, born 1855 at Summert= on, and bapt. 3 June 1855 at Pembroke St. Michael [Pembroke, June 1855, 11a 631].  She was living with her parents in= the 1861 Census, aged 6 [RG 9/4154/22].  She was living at St. Twynnells Farm with James Oakley and his famil= y in the 1871 Census, a farm servant aged 16, born at Summerton [RG 10/5519/7].<= span style=3D'mso-spacerun:yes'>  Marriage entry or 1881 Census.

 

iii. JOHN P= ICTON, born 21 September 1857 at Lammaston Hill, Pembroke, and bapt. 18 October 18= 57 at Pembroke St. Michael [Pembroke, September 1857, 11a 665].  He was living with his parents in = the 1861 Census, aged 3 [RG 9/4154/22].  He was a servant at Lammaston Hill in the 1871 Census, aged 14 [RG 10/5514/47].  John Picton, age= d 25, a labourer of Nightingale Row, Plasmarl, Landore, Llangafelach, son of James Picton, a labourer, married Martha Jenkins, aged 23, daughter of David Jenk= ins, a farm labourer, of Smyrna Row, Landore, Swansea, on 3 June 1884 at Swansea Register Office [Witnesses: Samuel Kiff, Sarah Kiff; Swansea, June 1884, 11a 1070].

 

John Picton w= as living at Landore, Swansea, in the 1891 Census, a furnaceman, aged 33, born= at Pembroke St. Michael, with his wife, Martha Picton, aged 29, born at Narberth [RG 12/4474/71].  John Picton, age= d 43, born in Pembrokeshire, was living at 8 Bartley Terrace, Landore, Swansea, in the 1901 Census, a furnaceman in a steelworks [RG 13/5072/46].  Also living with him was his wife, Martha Picton, aged 39, born at Pembroke.&= nbsp; Martha Picton died in 1928, aged 65 [Swansea, March 1928, 11a 1176].  John Picton died in 1942, aged 84 = [Swansea, June 1942, 11a 10= 31].  John and Martha Picton were the pa= rents of:

 

a.  = WILLIAM JOHN PICTON, born 18 July 1887 at Plasmarl, Landore, Swansea [Swanse= a, September 1887, 11a 746].  He = was living with his parents in the 1891 Census, aged 3 [RG 12/4474/71].  He was living with his parents in = the 1901 Census, aged 13 [RG 13/5072/46].  There are several possibilities for the marriage of William John Pic= ton, but not in Swansea.  These inc= lude: William J. Picton marrying ----- Davies in 1915 [Pontypridd, March 1915, 11a 1051]; William J. Picton marrying ----- James [Pembroke, December 1916, 11a 2166; William J. Picton marrying ----- Rosser [Pontypridd, December 1921, 1= 1a 1491] and William J. Picton marrying ----- O’Leary [Pontypridd, March 1928, 11a 728].  He could also= be the William J. Picton who died in 1910, aged 23 [Swansea, September 1910, 11a 454].<= /span>

 

b.  MARGARET (MAGGIE) ANN PICTON, born = 1891 at Llangyfelach, Swansea [Swansea, September 1891, 11a 872].  She was living with her parents in= the 1901 Census, aged 9 [RG 13/5072/46].  She could be the Margaret A. Picton who married in 1911 to either William Penhale or David J. Williams [Swansea, September 1911, 11a 1874].=

 

iv. WILLIA= M PICTON, born 31 July 1859 at Lammaston, Pembroke [Pembroke, September 1859, 11a 671].  He was living with his parents in the 1861 Census, aged 1 [RG 9/4154/22].  William Picton was not living with= his parents in the 1871 Census, but was living next door to Whetstone Hill at Kingston farm, an agricultural labourer aged 12 [RG 10/5514/47].  Kingston farm was in the occupatio= n of John Mathias, a farmer aged 37, born at New Moat, Pembrokeshire, and his wi= fe, Rebecca Mathias, aged 34, born at New Moat.  This was the farm where his grandf= ather, John Picton, was working from 1820 to 1833.  He is neither the William Picton w= ho married in 1893 [Pembroke, December 1893, 11a 1681] or 1894 [Pembroke, March 1894, 11a 1389].  He could be = the William Picton, who died in June 1939, aged 80 [Neath, June 1939, 11a 818].

 

v.  = PHILIP PICTON, born 1861 at Pembroke St. Michael [Pembroke, March 1861, 11a= 639].  He was living with his parents in = the 1861 Census, aged 3 months [RG 9/4154/22].=   He was living with his parents in the 1871 Census, aged 10 [RG 10/5514/47].  As yet he cannot= be located in the 1881 Census.  P= hilip Picton, aged 25, of Grove Bridge, Pembroke, a labourer in HM Dockyard, son = of James Picton, married Elizabeth Reynolds of East Orielton, Pembroke, aged 3= 0, a spinster and domestic servant, daughter of John Reynolds, a labourer, on 9 December 1886 at Gilead Chapel, Pembroke [Witnesses: Jane Picton and Benjam= in James; Pembroke, December 1886, 11a 1466].=   Jane Picton was presumably his younger sister.=

 

Philip Picton= was a labourer in the Royal Dockyard in 1890, and was living at Owen Street, Pembroke, in the 1891 Census [RG 12/4529/37].  He was aged 29, a general labourer= , born at Lamphey, and his wife, Elizabeth Picton, was aged 34, born at Rhoscrowth= er.  Philip Picton was living at 4 Owen Street, Pembroke St. Mary, in the 1901 Census, aged 49, born at Pembroke [RG 13/5122/29].  Also living with= him was his wife, Elizabeth Picton, aged 45, born at Pembroke.  Philip Picton registered his father’s death in 1906, when he was still living at Owen Street, Pemb= roke.

 

Philip Picton= of 4 Owen Street, Orange Gardens, Pembroke, died at Swansea Hospital on 1 Octobe= r 1914, aged 54 [Swansea, December 1914, 11a 1179].  His widow, E. Picton, registered h= is death.  He was a hammerman in = the Dock Yard.  In the 1929 Electo= ral Roll for Pembrokeshire a James Picton was living at 4 Owen Street, Pembroke, along with a John Picton, Elizabeth Picton and Elizabeth Picton, jr.  Further work needs to be done on t= he Electoral Rolls for Pembroke.  Philip and Elizabeth Picton were the parents of:

 

a.  = JOHN PICTON, born 1889 at Pembroke [Pembroke, March 1889, 11a 935].  He was living with his parents in = the 1891 Census, aged 2 [RG 12/4529/37].  He was living with his parents in the 1901 Census, aged 13 [RG 13/5122/29].  He was living in= 1963 at 4 Owen Street, Orange Gardens, Pembroke, when he attended the funeral of= his brother, James Picton.  John P= icton, a retired brewer’s storeman, died on 12 December 1964, aged 76 [Pembr= oke, December 1964, 8c 354].  He was unmarried.

 

b.  = JAMES PICTON, born 27 March 1890 at Orange Gardens, Pembroke St. Mary [Pembroke, June 1890, 11a 1046].  He was living with his parents in the 1891 Census, aged 1 [RG 12/4529/37].  He was living with his parents in = the 1901 Census, aged 11 [RG 13/5122/29].  He could be the James Picton who married Corbetta S. Thomas in 1912 = [Pontypridd, September 1912, 11a 1232] or who married Rachel Morley in 1915 [Pontypridd, December 1915, 11a 1523].  A J= ames Picton was living at 4 Owen Street, Pembroke St. Mary, in the 1929 Electoral Roll, along with John Picton, Elizabeth Picton and Elizabeth Picton, junior.  Another James Picton = was living at 88 Bush Street, Pembroke, according to the 1929 Electoral Roll wi= th his wife, Elizabeth Miriam Picton.  <= /span>Further examination of the Electoral Rolls between 1901 and 1929 is required.  He was a riveter in the dockyard u= ntil 1926, when he went to work for several private companies.  He was unmarried.

 

James Picton = of 4 Owen Street, Orange Gardens, Pembroke, died on 25 January 1963, aged 72 [Pembroke, March 1963, 8c 495].  Probate of his estate was granted on 19 March 1963 at Carmarthen to Alfred John Griffiths, carpenter, and George Alwyn Campodonic, a solicitor’s clerk.  The = value of his estate was £1133 18s 4d.

 

c.  = PHILIP PICTON, born 1891 at Pembroke [Pembroke, September 1891, 11a 1099].<= span style=3D'mso-spacerun:yes'>  He was living with his parents in = the 1901 Census, aged 10 [RG 13/5122/29].  Philip Picton died on 10 February 1917, aged 25, whilst serving as a private with the Welsh Guards and is commemorated at Grove Town Cemetery, Meaulte, in France.

 

d.  MARY PICTON. born 1892 at Pembroke [Pembroke, September 1892, 11a 1088].  She was living with her parents in the 1901 Census, aged 9 [RG 13/5122/29].

 

e.  = GEORGE PICTON, born 1894 at Pembroke [Pembroke, September 1894, 11a 1100].<= span style=3D'mso-spacerun:yes'>  He was living with his parents in = the 1901 Census, aged 7 [RG 13/5122/29].  George Picton, aged 24, of 4 Owen Street, Orange Gardens, Pembroke, a general labourer, married Sarah Miller [born 1895/6] of Grove Hill, Pembrok= e, aged 23, on 10 June 1919 at Gilead Chapel, Maidenwells [Witnesses: Alfred Miller, her father, and Elizabeth Picton; Pembroke, June 1919, 11a 3011].  A George Picton was living at 65 B= ush Street, Pembroke St. Mary, in the 1929 Electoral Roll, along with Sarah Pic= ton, probably his wife.  George Pic= ton, a painter with a firm of building contractors, died on 4 December 1957 at 8 Williamson Street, Orange Gardens, Pembroke, aged 63 [Pembroke, December 19= 57, 8c 414].  His death was report= ed by his son-in-law, J. E. Davies, of 40 Monkton, Pembroke.  She could be the Sarah Picton who = died in 1974, aged 79 [born 30 June 1893] [Haverfordwest, March 1974, 8c 1854].  George and Sarah Picton were the p= arents of:

 

i.   PHYLLIS A. PICTON, born 1930 [Pembroke, March 1930, 11a 1794].

 

f.   ELIZABETH PICTON, born 1896 at Pembroke [Pembroke, December 1896, 11a 1190].  She was living with her parents in= the 1901 Census, aged 5 [RG 13/5122/29].  She was a witness at the wedding of her brother, George Picton, in 1919.  Either she, or her sist= er, Mary Picton, married a --= --- Griffiths, as mentioned in the obituary notice of her brother, James Picton= , in 1963.  He was probably the Alf= red John Griffiths who was granted joint probate of the estate of James Picton = in 1963, in which case he was a brother-in-law.  B. Griffiths was sister to James P= icton and they had a son, John Griffiths, living in Jersey in 1963 with his wife,= and they were unable to attend James Picton’s funeral.  There was also a Mrs S. Williams, a sister-in-law.

 

g.  = JOSEPH PICTON, born 1898 at Pembroke [Pembroke, September 1898, 11a 1180].<= span style=3D'mso-spacerun:yes'>  He was living with his parents in = the 1901 Census, aged 2 [RG 13/5122/29].  Joseph Picton married Frances Mary Harries [born 6 June 1901] in 192= 5 [Pembroke, December 1925, 1= 1a 2415].  He was a porter on the GWR at Lamp= hey Station in 1929.  He was livin= g in 1963, when he attended the funeral of his brother, James Picton.  Joseph Picton was then living at 11 Poyers Avenue, Pembroke.  Jose= ph Picton of 11 Poyers Avenue, Monkton, Pembroke, a retired shipyard foreman, = died on 3 October 1966 at the County Hospital, Haverfordwest, aged 68 [Haverfordwest, December 1966, 8c 319].&nb= sp; His death was registered by his daughter, E. E. Doran, of 25 West Street, Pembroke.  Frances Mary Picton died in 1994, aged 93 [South Pembrokeshire, July 1994, 8C 88].  Joseph and Frances Picton were the parents of:

 

i.      PHILLIP H. PICTON, born 1926 [Pembroke, March 1926, 11a 2227].  Phillip Picton married Jennifer ------ in 1957/8 and they lived at Monkton and late= r at Tankersley.  Philip H. Picton = died on 2 April 2006, aged 80.  Jen= nifer Picton was still living in 2006.  Philip and Jennifer Picton were the parents of:

 

ii.  ENID ELIZABETH PICTON, born 25 Febr= uary 1929 [Pembroke, June 1929, 11a 1907].  Enid E. Picton married Philip J. Doran in 1952 [Pembroke, December 1= 952, 8c 755].  P. J. and Enid Doran= were living at 6 Croeso Road, Pembroke, in 2007 [Tel: 01646 682799].<= /span>

 

iii. JOSEPH= F. PICTON, born 1934 [Pembroke, September 1934, 11a 1707].  He later moved to Burnley and was = living there in 2006.

 

iv. JOHN J= AMES PICTON, born 2 April 1936 [Pembroke, June 1936, 11a 1627].  John James Picton died in March 19= 93, aged 56 [South Pembrokeshire, March 1993, 5C 59].

 

v.  MARGARET F. PICTON, born 1944 [Pemb= roke, September 1944, 11a 1795].  Ma= rgaret F. Picton married Andrew Sercombe in 1970 [Pembroke, June 1970, 8c 890].

 

iii. JAMES PICTON, born at Orange Gardens and = bapt. 7 February 1863 at Pembroke St. Michael.&n= bsp; He died on 21 February 1863, aged 2 months [Pembroke, June 1863, 11a 471].

 

iv. JAMES PICTON, born March 1864 at Pembroke= St. Michael [Pembroke, June 1864, 11a 764].&nb= sp; He died on 19 September 1864, aged 6 months [Pembroke, September 186= 4, 11a 469].

 

v.  JANE PICTON, born 1865 at Pembroke = St. Michael [Pembroke, December 1865, 11a 694].  She was living with her parents in= the 1871 Census, aged 5 [RG 10/5514/47].  She was a domestic servant living with Joshua Evans at Steynton in t= he 1881 Census, aged 15 [RG 11/5414/57].   She was a witness at the mar= riage of her older brother, Philip Picton, in 1886.

 

vi. MARGARET PICTON, born 1868 at Lamphey [Pembroke, March 1868, 11a 753].  She was living with her parents in the 1871 Census, aged 3 [RG 10/5514/47].  She was living w= ith her parents in the 1881 Census, a scholar aged 13 [RG 11/5410/55].

 

vii.   MARY PICTON, born 1875 at ----- [Pembroke, Ju= ne 1875, 11a 940].  She was livin= g with her parents in the 1881 Census, a scholar aged 5 [RG 11/5410/55].

 

e.  JANE PICTON, of Kingston farm was b= apt. 15 February 1829 at Pembroke St. Michael.&nbs= p; She was buried at Pembroke St. Michael on 23 February 1829, aged 1 month.

 

f.   FRANCES PICTON, bapt. 21 Marc= h 1830 at Pembroke St. Michael.  She = was living with her parents in the 1841 Census, aged 8 [HO 107/1451/1/5].  Frances Picton married William Cha= rette [Charrot] of Pembroke Dock, son of Anthony Charrot, a sailor, at Pembroke S= t. Michael on 30 July 1854 [Witnesses: James Picton and George Froyne; Pembrok= e, September 1854, 11a 911].  She= was living with her father, John Picton, in the 1871 Census at Orchard Building= s, Pembroke St. Michael, a coachman, married, aged 41 [RG 10/5514/63].  William and Frances Charette were = living at Wesley Square, Pembroke St. Michael, in the 1901 Census, aged 71 and 70 respectively [RG 13/5121/112].  He was a coachman, groom, born at Bristol, Somerset.  William and Frances Charette were = the parents of:

 

i.   MARY ANN CHARROT [CHARETTE], = born 1856 at Pembroke [Pembroke, June 1856, 11a 671] and bapt. 18 May 1856 at Pembroke St. Michael.  She was living with her mother in the 1871 Census, aged 14 [RG 10/5514/63].

 

ii.  GEORGE CHARETTE, born 1858 at Pembr= oke [Pembroke, June 1858, 11a 693].  He was living with his mother in the 1871 Census, aged 12 [RG 10/5514/63].

 

iii. CHARLES CHARROTT [CHARETTE], born 1861 at Pembroke [Pembroke, December 1861, 11a 622].  He was living with his mother in t= he 1871 Census, aged 9 [RG 10/5514/63].

 

iv. JOHN CHARETTE [CHARROTT], born 1867 at Pe= mbroke [Pembroke, December 1867, 11a 728].  He was living with his mother in the 1871 Census, aged 3 [RG 10/5514/63].

 

g.  MARY PICTON, bapt. 3 May 1833 at Pe= mbroke St. Michael.  She was living w= ith her parents in the 1841 Census, aged 11 [HO 107/1451/1/5].  See the entry above for Jane Picto= n for a comment on this.  She was not living in Wales as Mary Picton in the 1851 Census.

 

3.  THOMAS PICTON, bapt. on 25 January = 1795 at Cosheston.  On 11 July 1821 Thomas Picton, labourer of Cosheston, entered into the usual form of bastar= dy recognizance with Griffith Morris of Cosheston for £10.  This related to the voluntary examination of Elizabeth Dawkins, that she was with child by him [Quarter Sessions Records].  Thomas Pic= ton married Mary George [born Pwllcrochan ca 1803] at Cosheston on 28 February = 1824 [Witnesses: John Picton and Peter Brinn].&= nbsp; Thomas Picton, a labourer, and his wife were then living at Slothy M= ill, Pembroke, in 1824.  Thomas and= Mary Picton were living at Park Street, Pembroke Dock, in the 1841 Census, aged ‘40’ and ‘35’ respectively [HO 107/1451/2/52].=

 

They were liv= ing at 15 Cross Park, St. Marys, Pembroke, in the 1851 Census, Thomas Picton was an agricultural labourer, aged 55, born at Cosheston, and Mary Picton was aged= 47, born at Pwlchrochan [HO 107/2476/554].&nbs= p; Thomas and Mary Picton were living at Lower Pennar, Pembroke Dock, in the 1871 Census [RG 10/5518/25].  Thomas Picton was a labourer, aged 80, and his wife, Mary Picton, was aged 70.  Thomas Picton, a gen= eral labourer, died on 26 December 1874 at St. Mary, Pennar, aged 83 [Pembroke, December 1874, Volume 11a 583].  She is probably the Mary Picton, a widow aged 85, recorded at Pembroke Dock in = the 1881 Census with her son, James Picton [RG 11/5412/119] and also the Mary Picton who died in March 1883, aged 90 [Pembroke, March 1883, 11a 620].  Thomas and Mary Picton were the pa= rents of:

 

i.   JAMES PICTON, bapt. on 4 August 1824 at Pembroke St. Michael.  James Picton was living with his p= arents in the 1841 Census, aged ‘15’ [HO 107/1451/2/52].  He was living with his parents in = the 1851 Census, an agricultural labourer aged 26, born at Cosheston [HO 107/2476/554].  James Picton w= as living at Little Summerton, Pembroke St. Michael, in the 1861 Census, an agricultural labourer aged 34, born at Pembroke St. Michael [RG 9/4154/22].=

 

James Picton = was living with his parents at Lower Pennar in the 1871 Census, unmarried, aged= 46 [RG 10/5518/25].  He was livin= g with his mother, Mary Picton, at Pembroke St. Mary, a labourer aged 53, in the 1= 881 Census [RG 11/5412/119].  Also living with them was a grand-daughter, Charlotte Rogers, aged 10, born at P= embroke St. Mary.  James Picton of 19 = Upper Street, Lower Pennar, Pembroke St. Mary, a general labourer, who died on 31 October 1888, aged 64 [Pembroke, December 1888, 11a 568].  His death was certified by Fanny Phillips of 14 Middle Street, Lower Pennar, Pembroke St. Mary.

 

ii.  CHARLES PICTON, bapt. on 29 July 18= 27 at Cosheston and buried there on 24 December 1828, aged 18 months.<= /span>

 

iii. MARY PICTON, bapt. on 14 February 1830 at Cosheston.  She was living wit= h her parents in the 1841 Census, aged 11 [HO 107/1451/2/52].  She was living with her parents in= the 1851 Census, a dressmaker, aged 21, born at Cosheston [HO 107/2476/554].  Possible marriages for Mary Picton include [Pembroke, June 1854, Volume 11a 927].

 

iv. CHARLOTTE PICTON, born in April 1832 and = buried at Cosheston on 3 May 1832, aged 10 days.

 

v.  MARGARET PICTON, born around 1833/4= and bapt. on 11 November 1837 at Cosheston.&nb= sp; She was living with her parents in the 1841 Census, aged 7 [HO 107/1451/2/52].  She was livin= g with her parents in the 1851 Census, a dressmaker, aged 17, born at Cosheston [HO 107/2476/554].  She could not = be traced immediately in the 1861 Census.&nbs= p; A Margaret Picton married in 1869 [Pembroke, June 1869, Volume 11a 1060].

 

vi. JANE PICTON, bapt. on 11 November 1837 at Cosheston.  She was living wit= h her parents in the 1841 Census, aged 2 [HO 107/1451/2/52].  She was living with her parents in= the 1851 Census, a dressmaker, aged 13, born at Cosheston [HO 107/2476/554].  A Jane Picton died in 1855 [Pembro= ke, March 1855, Volume 11a 513] and was buried at St. John’s church, Pemb= roke Dock, on 12 February 1855, aged 17.  There are also several marriages for a Jane Picton in Pembrokeshire,= of which the first is in 1869 [Pembroke, June 1869, Volume 11a 1103].

 

4.  GEORGE PICTON, bapt. on 7 May 1797 = at Nash.  There is no George Pict= on of the appropriate date recorded in the 1841 Census for England or Wales.  There is no marriage of a George P= icton recorded in Pembrokeshire, Carmarthenshire or Cardiganshire between 1813 and 1837.

 

5.  MARY PICTON, bapt on 3 August 1800 = at Nash.  There is a William Beva= ns, widower, who married Mary Picton, spinster, by banns on 19 March 1829 at Camrose [Witnesses: Thomas Evans and John Bennett].  This is the only Pembrokeshire mar= riage recorded for a Mary Picton between 1813 and 1837.

 

6.  ELIZABETH PICTON, born 22 December = 1804 and bapt. 21 July 1805 at Cosheston.  She had migrated to London by 1825.=   She married Jedidiah Swann of Worstead, Norfolk, on 6 October 1825 at St. Luke’s Old Street church, London.  They then moved back to Worstead in Norfolk, where their children were born from 1826 onwards up to 1846, twelve children in all.  Elizabeth Sw= ann died on 12 September 1882 at Worstead, aged 78.  For further information on this fa= mily see: SWANN of Worstead - III.=

 

7.  = JAMES PICTON of West Street, Cosheston and afterwards of Lower Pennar, St. Mary’s, Pembroke, was bapt. at Cosheston on 29 July 1806.  He was the youngest son of John Pi= cton of Cosheston, formerly of Lamphey.  James Picton married Anne Davies [bapt. Carew on 23 February 1806], daughter of Thomas Davies of Milton, Carew, on 11 November 1837 at Cosheston [Witnesses: George Rossiter and William Stephens].  However, the 1871 Census states th= at Ann Picton’s birthplace was Lawrenny, and Anne, daughter of Thomas Davies, was baptised at Lawrenny on 13 April 1806, her father having married Margar= et Herbert at Lawrenny on 26 October 1805.

 

James and Ann= e Picton were living at West Street, Cosheston, in the 1841 Census [HO 107/1443/4/17].  James Picton = was aged ‘30’, an agricultural labourer, and his wife, Anne Picton = was aged ‘25’.  The ac= count in Picton of Cosheston I gives a detailed account of exactly where in Coshe= ston they were living, based on a full analysis of the 1841 Census Return for th= at parish.  Their mother, Jane Pi= cton, a pauper, was also living with them.  James Picton was living at Cosheston village in the 1851 Census, a dockyard labourer aged 42, born at Cosheston [HO 107/2476/276].  Also living with him was his wife,= Anne Picton, aged 43, born at Carew.

 

James and Ann= e Picton were both living in the 1871 Census at Lower Pennar, St. John’s, Pemb= roke Dock, when James Picton was a labourer and a pensioner from the Dockyard, a= ged 63, and Anne Picton was aged 64 [RG 10/5518/21].  His pension return can probably be traced at the National Archives at Kew.&nb= sp; James Picton was recorded in the Pembroke Borough Electoral Roll for 1874.  He is probably the James Picton, who died at Pembroke in 1876, aged 69 [Pembroke, September 1876, Volume 11a 449].  His widow, Anne Picton, was living= with her daughter, Jane Mathias, and her husband, John Mathias, in the 1881 Cens= us, aged 78, born at Lawrenny [RG 11/5412/115].  She was therefore the Ann Picton w= ho died in 1881, aged 78 [Pembroke, September 1881, 11a 438].  James and Anne Picton had the following children:<= /b>

 

a.  = JOHN PICTON, born 5 September 1838 at Cosheston and baptised there on 25 September 1838.  He was living= with his parents at Cosheston in the 1841 Census, aged 2 [HO 107/1443/4/17].  He was living with his parents in = the 1851 Census, an agricultural labourer aged 12 [HO 107/2476/276].  John Picton married Mary Mathias, daughter of William Mathias of Monkton [born ca 1835/6 at Monkton], at St. Mary’s Church, Pembroke, on 13 November 1859 [Witnesses: Charles Skyr= me and George Froyne; Pembroke, December 1859, 11a 1156].  They were living at 14 Middle Pros= pect Place, Pembroke Dock, and that meant they were living adjacent to his paren= ts, James and Ann Picton, in the 1871 Census at Lower Pennar, Pembroke Dock.  John Picton was a labourer, aged 3= 2, and Mary Picton was aged 35, born at Monkton [RG 10/5518/21].  John and Mary Picton were recorded= in the 1881 Census living at Pembroke St. Mary, aged 42 and 45 respectively [RG 11/5412/117].  His sister, Fra= nces Phillips, her husband and their family were living in the next house.<= /o:p>

 

John Picton w= as living at 32 Gwyther Terrace, Pembroke Dock, in the 1891 Census, aged 52, a= long with his wife, Mary Picton, aged 55 [RG 12/4529/93].  John Picton is recorded in the 1901 Census, aged 62, as a labourer and a pensioner from H.M. Dockyard, born at Cosheston [RG 13/5123/88].  Al= so living with him was his wife, Mary Picton, aged 65, born at Pembroke.  It should be possible to trace his= naval pension record at the National Archives at Kew.  John Picton died in 1904, aged 65 = [Pembroke, June 1904, 11a 6= 17].  Mary Picton, his wife, died in 191= 2, aged 76 [Pembroke, December 1912, 11a 1300].  John and Mary Picton were the parents of:

 

i.   WILLIAM CHARLES PICTON, born = 1860 [Pembroke, December 1860, 1= 1a 630], died ca 1871.  There was a Cha= rles Picton, born at St. Mary, Pembroke, living with his grandparents, James and= Ann Picton, in the 1871 Census, aged 10 [RG 10/5518/21] and living with Anne Picton, his grandmother and Jane and John Mathias in the 1881 Census, an apprentice carpenter, aged 20 [RG 11/5412/115].  William Picton is not recorded as = living with his parents in the 1871 Census.

 

ii.  = JAMES PICTON, born 1860 at Pennar [Pembroke, June 1860, 11a 712].  He was living with his parents, a scholar aged 10, in the 1871 Census [RG 10/5518/21], and a smith, aged 20, = in the 1881 Census [RG 11/5412/117].  A James Picton, aged 23, a blacksmith in H.M. Dockyard, son of John Picton, a hammerman, married Elizabeth Miriam Morgan, a domestic servant aged 20, on 8 June 1883 at Bethany Chapel, Pembroke Dock [Witnesses: S. E. Morgan and W. = C. Morgan; Pembroke, June 1883, 11a 1198].&nb= sp; James Picton was living at 23 Bank Street East, Pater, Pembroke Dock= , in the 1891 Census, aged 30, a blacksmith, with his wife, Elizabeth Picton, ag= ed 28 [RG 12/4530/18].  He was a blacksmith living at 23 Bush Street, St. Mary’s, Pembroke, in the 1901 Census, aged 40, born at Pembroke, with his wife, aged 38 [RG 13/5122/123].  James Picton di= ed on 18 March 1934, aged 73, and was buried at Pembroke Dock [Pembroke, March 19= 34, 11a 1506].  His widow, Elizabe= th M. Picton, died on 6 May 1939, aged 76 [Portsmouth, June 1939, 2b 657].  James and Elizabeth Picton were the parents of:

 

a.  MARY ANN (ANNIE) PICTON, born 1884 = at St. Marys, Pembroke [Pembroke, June 1884, 11a 980].  She was living with her parents in= the 1891 Census, a scholar aged 7 [RG 12/4530/18].  Mary Ann Picton married William Fi= nch of Portsmouth in 1906 and had issue [Pembroke, September 1906, 11a 2041].  One of their children was a daught= er, whose married name was Dorothy Chase.

 

i.   DOROTHY LINDA FINCH, born 1909 [Portsmouth, June 1909, 2b 422].

 

i.   LILIAN FINCH, born 1913 [Portsmouth, June 1913, 2b 769].

 

b.  = JOHN GEORGE PICTON, born 1886 at St. Marys, Pembroke [Pembroke, June 1186, 11a 1013].  He was living with= his parents in the 1891 Census, a scholar aged 5 [RG 12/4530/18].  He was living with his parents in = the 1901 Census, aged 15 [RG 13/5122/123].&nbs= p; John George Picton married Florence Morgan [born 1888 at Crediton, Devon] on 9 October 1909 at Portsmouth [Portsmouth, December 1909, 2b 1010].  If John George Picton worked at the dockyard at Pembroke, then this may have been a move to a better or more se= cure position at Portsmouth.  John = and Florence Picton were the parents of:

 

i.   JOHN J. PICTON, born 1912 [Portsmouth, June 1912, 2b = 723].  A son died aged 21, according to C= hrista Kayser [2005].

 

ii.  = SIDNEY MORGAN PICTON, born 14 August 1917 at Portsmouth [Portsmouth, Septem= ber 1917, 2b 577].  Sidney M. Pict= on married Bertha F Riddle in 1947 [Portsmouth, September 1947, 6b 1141].  He married Bertha Doreen Freeman R= och, daughter of Richard Charles Roch.[3]  Richard Charles Roch is probably t= o be identified with the Richard Roch, aged 3, born at Pembroke Dock, in the 1891 Census [RG 12/4530/107].  He w= as one of the three children of William and Emma Roch, both aged 26, a blacksmith,= and living at 12 Lower Prospect Street, Pembroke Dock.  Other children in the 1891 Census included William Roch, aged 5 and Laura Roch, aged 10 months.  Also living at the same address we= re Bennett and Frances Roch, aged 29 and 28 respectively, a shipwright, and their daughter, Charlotte M. Roch, aged 7.  Their relationship to William and Emma Roch is not given in the 1891 Census, but it could be that they were brothers.  They were all born at Pembroke Doc= k, except for Frances Roch, who was born at Neyland.  Bertha Picton was grandmother to C= hrista Kayser, living in America in 2004.  It is not clear at this time if they had any Picton children, or per= haps Bertha Roch had been married previously, as Christa Kayser talks about Sidn= ey Picton being her step-grandfather.  Sidney Morgan Picton died in 1983, aged 66 [Surrey S W, September 19= 83, 17 1144].

 

c.  LIL(L)IAN RHODA PICTON, born 1889 a= t St. Marys, Pembroke [Pembroke, December 1889, 11a 959].  She was living with her parents in= the 1891 Census, aged 1 [RG 12/4530/18].  She was living with her parents in the 1901 Census, aged 11 [RG 13/5122/123].  Lillian Rhoda P= icton married James H. Fletcher in 1914 [Pembroke, December 1914, 11a 2608] but t= hey had no children.

 

iii. ALFRED= PICTON, born 1864 at Pennar [Pembroke, September 1864, 11a 704].  He was living with his parents in = the 1871 Census, aged 6 [RG 10/5518/21] and an apprentice shipwright living with his parents, aged 16, in the 1881 Census [RG 11/5412/117].  Alfred Picton was living with his parents in the 1891 Census, aged 26 [RG 12/4529/93].  Alfred Picton married Eva Giddings= in 1893 [Pembroke, June= 1893, 11a 1461].  Alfred Pict= on was a shipwright living at 33 Gwydir Street, St. Marys, Pembroke, in the 1901 Census, aged 36, with his wife, Eva Picton, aged 37, born at Pembroke [RG 1= 3/5122/74].  Alfred Picton died in 1927, aged 6= 3 [Pembroke, December 1927, 1= 1a 1269].  Eva Picton died= in 1935, aged 74 [Pembr= oke, March 1935, 11a 1411].  Alfred and Eva Picton were the parents of:

 

a.  CHRISSIE LILIAN PICTON, born  June 1895 at Pembroke [Pembroke, Ju= ne 1895, 11a 1220].  She was livi= ng with her parents in the 1901 Census, aged 5 [RG 13/5122/123].  Christine Lilian Picton died, unma= rried, in 1975, aged 79 [Swansea, March 1975, 27 3031].

 

b.  = HARRY PICTON, born 1896/7 at Pembroke.&nb= sp; He was living with his parents in the 1901 Census, aged 4 [RG 13/5122/74].  He was later liv= ing at Portsmouth, a schoolmaster.  He married Ida Griffiths, but they had no children.

 

c.  ELSIE GIDDINGS PICTON, born 1898 at Pembroke [Pembroke, December 1898, 11a 1127].  She was living with her parents in= the 1901 Census, aged 2 [RG 13/5122/74].

 

d.  KATE MARIA PICTON, born 1900 [Pembr= oke, December 1900, 11a 1170].  She= was living with her parents in the 1901 Census, aged 6 months [RG 13/5122/74].<= span style=3D'mso-spacerun:yes'>  Kate Maria Picton married Reginald= John Bolwell, a piano tuner, in 1926 [Pembroke, March 1926, 11a 1693].  They had no children.

 

iv. GEORGE= PICTON, born 1866 at Pennar [Pembroke, December 1866, 11a 719].  He was living with his parents in = the 1871 Census, aged 4 [RG 10/5518/21] and as a scholar living with his parent= s, aged 14, in the 1881 Census [RG 11/5412/117].  He was living with his parents in = the 1891 Census, aged 24 [RG 12/4529/93].  George Picton married Florence Harris.  He had moved to 43 Camperdown Poin= t, Devonport, by the time of the 1901 Census, where he is recorded as a boiler maker, aged 34, born at Pembroke Dock, and living with his wife, Florence Picton [neé Harris], aged 28, born at Milford Haven [RG 13/2114/92].=   George and Florence Picton were the parents of:

 

a.  = JOHN GEORGE PICTON, born 1895 at Pembroke Dock [Pembroke, December 1895, = 11a 1101].  He was living with his parents in the 1901 Census, aged 5 [RG 13/2114/92].  He died without issue.<= /span>

 

b.  = ALBERT EDWARD PICTON, born 1897 at Pembroke Dock [Pembroke, June 1897, 11a 1172].  He was living with his parents in = the 1901 Census, aged 3 [RG 13/2114/92].  He became a Company Sergeant Major in the army.  He married and had issue an only daughter.  He is probably the = Albert E. Picton who died in 1959, aged 62 [Plymouth, December 1959, 7a 625].

 

c.  FLORENCE MARY PICTON, born 1903 [Devonport, June 1903, 5b 315].

 

v.  ANN(IE) PICTON, born 1869 at Pennar [Pembroke, March 1869, 11a 808].  She was living with her parents in the 1861 Census, aged 2 [RG 10/5518/21] and as a scholar living with her parents, aged 12, in the 1881 Census [RG 11/5412/117].  1891 Census.  Annie Picton married James Davison Stobbs of Widnes, Lancashire, in 1894 [Pembroke, March 1894, 11a 1400] and = she died in 1951, leaving issue.

 

vi. ALICE PICTON, born 1871 at Pennar [Pembro= ke, June 1871, 11a 829].  She was a scholar living with her parents, aged 9, in the 1881 Census [RG 11/5412/117].  Alice M. Picton= , a servant aged 19, was living at the house of Thomas Ince Webb-Bowen at St. Martin’s Crescent, Haverfordwest, in the 1891 Census [RG 12/4536/101].  Alice Picton, a= ged 30, born at Pembroke, a servant and cook, was living at Bowden Lane, Low Marple, Cheshire, in the 1901 Census [RG 13/3280/7].  Alice Picton died in 1951, unmarri= ed, aged 78 [Ince, March 1951, 10c 937].

 

vii.   JOHN PICTON, born 1874 at Pennar [Pembroke, June 1874, 11a 939].  He was a scholar living with his parents, aged 7, in the 1881 Census [RG 11/5412/117].  1891 Census.&= nbsp; John Picton married Sarah Elizabeth Harries in 1897 [Pembroke, June 1897, 11a 1= 621].  John Picton was a boarder living a= t 40 Front Street, Pembroke St. Mary, in the 1901 Census, a writer aged 27 with = his wife, Sarah Elizabeth Picton, aged 27, born at Pembroke [RG 13/5122/58].  He could be the John Picton who di= ed at Portsmouth in 1945, aged 71 [Portsmouth, June 1945, 2b 599].  Jo= hn and Sarah Picton were the parents of:

 

a.  = ALBERT VINCENT PICTON, born 1898 [Camberwell, June 1898, 1d 837].  Albert V. Picton married Florence = Roblin in 1922 [Pembroke, September 1922, 11a 2677].  Albert and Florence Picton were the parents of:

 

i.   JOAN W. PICTON, born 1923 [Pembroke, June 1923, 11a 2482].  A Joan W. Picton married John V. Hills in 1944 [Portsmouth, December 1944, 2b 994].

 

b.  = FRANK EDGAR PICTON, born 1900 [Pembroke, December 1900, 11a 1173].  Frank E. Picton married Grace Glov= er in 1928 [Narberth, Dece= mber 1928, 11a 2329].  Frank= and Grace Picton were the parents of:

 

i.   JESSIE PICTON, born 1933 at Portsmouth [Portsmouth, December 1933, 2b 539].

 

viii.  MARIA PICTON, born 1876 [Pembroke, December 1876, 11a 882].  She = was living with her parents, aged 4, in the 1881 Census [RG 11/5412/117].  She was living with her parents in= the 1891 Census, aged 14 [RG 12/4529/93].  She was living at Pembroke Dock in the 1901 Census with her parents, aged 24, a dressmaker [RG 13/5123/88].&nbs= p; Maria Picton, a dressmaker aged 26, of 14 Middle Prospect Place, Pembroke Dock, married Thomas Henry Hitchings, a shipwright in the Royal Dockyard, aged 24, of 14 Upper Prospect Place, Pembroke Dock, on 26 August = 1902 at Mount Pleasant Baptist Chapel, East End Back, Pembroke [Pembroke, Septem= ber 1902, 11a 1851].  They lived l= ater at Stoke, Devonport, Plymouth.  Thomas Hitchings died in 1950 and Maria Hitchings died in 1965.  They were the grandparents of Paul Barrington Knowles Hitchings, with whom I have had extensive and fruitful discussions on all aspects of Picton and allied families over more than 30 years.

 

b.  FRANCES PICTON, bapt. Cosheston on = 10 May 1840.  Her birth is not record= ed in the Birth Index at the Family Record Centre.  She was living with her parents at Cosheston in the 1841 Census, aged 1 [HO 107/1443/4/17].  She was living with her parents in= the 1851 Census, aged 11 [HO 107/2476/276].&nb= sp; Frances Picton married Thomas Phillips, a labourer [born at Warren ca 1841/2] of Pembroke Dock in 1864 [Pembroke, September 1864, 11a 1065].=

 

Thomas and Fr= ances Phillips were living at Lower Pennar, Pembroke Dock, in the 1871 Census, ag= ain close to where her father and brothers were living at this time [RG 10/5518/23].  Thomas Phillips = was aged 29, born at Warren, and Frances Phillips was aged 29, born at Coshesto= n.  Thomas Phillips was living at Pate= r, St. Mary’s, Pembroke, in the 1881 Census, a riveter aged, 39, born at War= ren [RG 11/5442/117].  Also living= with him was his wife, Fanny [Francis] Phillips, aged 40, born at Cosheston.  In the next house in Pembroke Dock= , John Picton, her elder brother, was living with his family.

 

Thomas and Fr= ances Phillips were living at Pembroke Dock in the 1891 Census [RG 12/4531/6].  Thomas Phillips was aged 49, born = at Warren, and Frances Phillips was aged 50, born at Cosheston.  Thomas and Frances Phillips were l= iving at 14 Middle Street, Pembroke Dock, in the 1901 Census [RG 13/5123/121].  Thomas Phillips was a labourer in = the dockyard, aged 59, and Frances Phillips was aged 60, born at Cosheston.  Living next door to them at 13 Mid= dle Street, Pembroke Dock, in the 1901 Census was Frances Phillip’s broth= er, Thomas Picton (56), his wife Jane Picton (54), and their two children Eliza= beth Williams (28) and William Picton (20).&nbs= p; Thomas and Frances Phillips were the parents of:

 

i.   WILLIAM J. PHILLIPS, born 186= 5/6 at Pembroke.  He was not living w= ith his parents in the 1871 Census.  He was living with his parents in the 1881 Census, an apprentice shipwright, a= ged 15 [RG 11/5442/117].

 

ii.  MARY JANE PHILLIPS, born 1867 at Pe= mbroke Dock [Pembroke, September 1867, 11a 732; or Pembroke, December 1867, 11a 74= 7; or Pembroke, March 1868, 11a 751].  She was living with her parents, aged 3, in the 1871 Census [RG 10/5518/23].  She was living w= ith her parents in the 1881 Census, a scholar aged 13 [RG 11/5442/117].

 

iii. ANNIE MARIA PHILLIPS, born 1870 at Pembro= ke Dock.  She was living with her parents in the 1871 Census, aged 11 months [RG 10/5518/23].  She was living with her parents in= the 1881 Census, a scholar aged 11 [RG 11/5442/117].

 

iv. FRANCES ELIZABETH PHILLIPS, born 1872 at Pembroke Dock [Pembroke, September 1872, 11a 792].  She was living with her parents in= the 1881 Census, a scholar aged 8 [RG 11/5442/117].

 

v.  THOMAS GEORGE PHILLIPS, born 1875 [Pembroke, March 1875, 11a 973].  He was living with his parents in the 1881 Census, a scholar aged 6 [RG 11/5442/117].

 

vi. FREDERICK J. PHILLIPS, born 1876/7 at Pem= broke Dock.  He was living with his parents in the 1881 Census, aged 4 [RG 11/5442/117].  He was living with his parents in = the 1901 Census, a blacksmith aged 24 [RG 13/5123/121].

 

vii.   RHODA E. PHILLIPS, born 1881 = at Pembroke Dock.  She was living= with her parents in the 1881 Census, aged 2 months [RG 11/5442/117].  She was living with her parents in= the 1901 Census, a dressmaker aged 20 [RG 13/5123/121].

 

viii.  ALFRED S. PHILLIPS, born 1883/4.  He was living with his parents in = the 1901 Census, aged 17 [RG 13/5123/121].

 

c.  MARTHA PICTON, bapt. Cosheston on 5 December 1841 [Pembroke, December 1841, 26 658].  She was living with her parents in= the 1851 Census, aged 9 [HO 107/2476/276].&nbs= p; She could not be found in the 1861 Census Return for Wales.  Martha Picton married William John= s on 22 July 1866 at Pembroke St. John at Pembroke Dock [Pembroke, September 186= 6, 11a 1059].

 

d.  = GEORGE PICTON, bapt. Cosheston on 25 June 1843 [Pembroke, June 1843, 26 682].  He was living with his parents in the 1851 Census, aged 8 [HO 107/2476/276].  George Picton married Elizabeth Ma= ins [born ca 1844/5, St. Michaels Pembroke], daughter of William Mains, laboure= r, at St. Marys, Pembroke, on 26 February 1870 [Witnesses: George Froyle, pari= sh clerk, and Jane Picton; Pembroke, March 1870, 11a 881].  George and Elizabeth Picton were l= iving at Lower Pennar in the 1871 Census.  He was a labourer, aged 26, born at Cosheston, and she was aged 26, = born at St. Michaels, Pembroke [RG 10/5518/26].=   This again, is very close to where his father and brothers were livi= ng at this time.

 

They were liv= ing at Pembroke St. Mary in the 1881 Census, both aged 36 [RG 11/5412/114].  George Picton was living at 109 Hi= gh Street, Pembroke, in the 1891 Census, a labourer in a shipyard aged 49, together with his wife, Elizabeth Picton, aged 46 [RG 12/4530/88].  George Picton was living at 11 Law Street North, Pembroke, in the 1901 Census, a dockyard labourer, aged 58, b= orn at Cosheston [RG 13/5122/154].  Also living with him was his wife, Elizabeth Picton, aged 56, born at St. Marys, Pembroke.  George Picton died = in 1904, aged 61 [Pembr= oke, June 1904, 11a 619].  Elizabeth Picton died in 1914, aged 70 [Pembroke, September 1914, 11a 1216].  George and Elizabeth P= icton were the parents of:

 

i.   WILLIAM GEORGE PICTON, born 1870 at Pembroke Dock [Pembroke, December 1870, 11a 729] and bapt. 21 December 1870 at Pembroke Dock.  He was aged 4 months at the time of the 1871 Census [RG 10/5518/26].  He was living with his parents, ag= ed 10, in the 1881 Census [RG 11/5412/114].  He was living with his parents in the 1891 Census, a labourer in a shipyard, aged 20 [RG 12/4530/88].  William George Picton married at Pembroke Register Office on 6 Janua= ry 1894 to Mary Ann Davies, daughter of Joseph Davies [Pembroke, March 1894, 1= 1a 1391].  He was a dockyard labo= urer living at Steynton in the 1901 Census, aged 30, born at Pembroke Dock [RG 13/5128/= 14].  His wife, Margaret A. Picton, was = aged 29, born at Steynton.  He is probably the William George Picton, a carpenter, living at 1 St. Thomas Gre= en, Haverfordwest, who died on 16 December 1945, aged 66 [Haverfordwest, Decemb= er 1945, 11a 1183].  His death was registered by his sister, M. Picton, living at the same address.  She was probably Martha Picton, bo= rn in 1877.  The death of his wife, = Mary Ann Picton, has not yet been traced.  William and Mary Ann Picton were the parents of:

 

a.  MARGARET ELIZABETH PICTON, born 189= 5 at Pembroke Dock [Pembroke, Sptember 1895, 11a 1190].  She was living with her parents in= the 1901 Census, aged 5 [RG 13/5128/14].  She may have run away from home.

 

b.  = WILLIAM JOSEPH JOHN PICTON, born 2 February 1897 at 2 Front Prospect Place, = Pembroke Dock [Pembroke, March 1897, 11a 1215].&nbs= p; He was living with his parents in the 1901 Census, aged 4 [RG 13/512= 8/14].  William Joseph John Picton, aged 2= 1, married Edith Jane Griffiths, aged 22, on 26 November 1918 at the parish church, Rosemarket [Witnesses: William H. Griffiths and Sarah Ann Picton; P= embroke, December 1918, 11a 2123].  The= y raised their family at Bramble Cottage, Rosemarket.  William Joseph John Picton died in= 1974, aged 77 [Haverfordwest, June 1974, 24 1954].  William and Edith Picton were the parents of:

 

i.   JAMES HUBERT PICTON, born 25 April 1923 [Pembroke, June 1923, 11a 2497].  James H. Picton died in August 199= 7, aged 74 [Haverfordwe= st, August 1997, 38D 108].  He never married and lived in his later years at Middle Street, Rosemarket.

 

ii.  = RONALD IVOR PICTON, born 9 October 1925 at Haverfordwest [Pembroke, December 1925, 11a 2166].  Ronald I. Pi= cton married Eileen Thomas in 1951 [Birmingham, June 1951, 9c 683].  Eileen Picton may have died in the= early 1970s.  He was a heavy goods v= ehicle driver and lived at 80 Long Nuke Road, Northfield, Birmingham.  Ronald I. Picton died on 7 Septemb= er 2000, aged 74 [Bromsgrove, September 2000, 14 287].  Ronald Picton did his national ser= vice in the RAF.  Later went to wor= k on the railway and transferred to the Birmingham area where he met Eileen, who= se father was a guard on the railway.  <= /span>Ronald and Eileen Picton were the parents of:

 

a.  = IVOR ANTHONY PICTON, born 1952 [Solihull, September 1952, 9c 1431].  He was living at 156 White Road, Q= uinton, Birmingham B32 2SX in 2000, when he registered the death of his father [Tel: 0121 682 3649].

 

b.  = DAVID PICTON, born post 1962.

 

iii. LESLIE= GEORGE PICTON, born 29 April 1929 [Pembroke, June 1929, 11a 1930].  Lesley Picton married Ismay [surna= me and date not known.  Ismay’s father was a skipper on a boat.]  Leslie G. Picton married ----- Jones in 1954 [Haverfordwest, December 1954, 8c 633].  Leslie George Picton died in Janua= ry 2003, aged 73 [Haver= fordwest, January 2003, 69D 14].  Leslie and Ismay Picton were the parents of:

 

a. MARY PICTON

 

b. KEITH PICTON

 

iv. SHEILA ANNE PICTON, born 30 September 1942 [Haverfordwest, December 1942, 11a 1619].  Sheila Anne Picton married Kenneth Mathias on 5 August 1961 at Rosemarket Church, Pembrokeshire [Haverfordwest= , September 1961, 8c 927].  Sheila Anne Ma= thias died on 12 June 2002 at Haverfordwest, aged 59 [Haverfordwest, June 2002, 6= 6D 14].  Sheila Anne and Kenneth Mathias are the parents of:

 

a.  ANTHONY ROBERT MATHIAS, born 6= November 1966 at Haverfordwest [Haverfordwest, December 1966, 8c 486].

 

b.  ALLISON SUZANNE MATHIAS, born 20 May 1971 at Haverfordwest [Haverfordwest, June 1971, 8c 2391].  We began correspondence on family history early in 2007.  She ma= rried Karl Anthony Pritchard on 15 June 1996 at Haverfordwest.  They are living at <= span lang=3DEN-GB style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Arial Bold";mso-bidi-fo= nt-family: "Arial Bold"'>33 Clifford Road, Droitwich Spa, Worcestershire WR9 8UR [2007= ].

 

c.  SARAH ANN PICTON, born 1899 at Pemb= roke Dock [Pembroke, September 1899, 11a 1146].=   She was living with her parents in the 1901 Census, aged 1 [RG 13/51= 28/14].  She married and had a son.  There are several entries which co= uld be her marriage.  Sarah A. Picton= married ----- John in 1924 [Pontypridd, December 1924, 11a 1326]; Sarah A. Picton married ----- Jones in 1926 [Merthyr Tydfil, September 1926, 11a 1221]; Sar= ah A. Picton married ----- Godwin in 1930 [Pontypridd, March 1930, 11a 721].

 

d.  ELSIE PICTON<= /p>

 

e. JACK PICTON.<= span style=3D'mso-spacerun:yes'>  He had a son Derek Picton, who onc= e ran the Dragon Pub at Hill Street, Haverfordwest.

 

William Picton, a widower = and railway worker, aged 30, was living at 46 Commercial Street, Mountain Ash, = in the 1901 Census, born in Pembrokeshire [RG 13/5006/33].  A William G. Picton married Edith = M. Morris in 1917 [Pemb= roke, December 1917, 11a 2283].

 

ii.  = JOHN PICTON, born 1872 at Pembroke Dock [Pembroke, September 1872, 11a 800].  He was living with his parents, ag= ed 8, in the 1881 Census [RG 11/5412/114].  He was living with his parents in the 1891 Census, a baker aged 18 [= RG 12/4530/88].  John Picton died= in June 1897, aged 24 [Reference from PBK Hitchings, 2005, entry not in FreeBMD index].

 

iii. MARGARET ANN PICTON, born 1875 at Pembrok= e Dock [Pembroke, September 1875, 11a 891].  She was living with her parents, aged 5, in the 1881 Census [RG 11/5412/114].  She was living = with her parents in the 1891 Census, aged 15 [RG 12/4530/88].  Margaret Picton married William Jo= hn Jones in 1899 [Pembroke, December 1899, 11a 1932].  She was living with her parents in= the 1901 Census, aged 26, as Margaret A. Jones, a married woman [RG 13/5122/154= ].

 

iv. MARTHA JANE PICTON, born 1877 at Pembroke= Dock [Pembroke, December 1877, 11a 894].  She was living with her parents, aged 3, in the 1881 Census [RG 11/5412/114].  She was living = with her parents in the 1891 Census, a scholar aged 13 [RG 12/4530/88].  Martha J. Picton was a domestic se= rvant, living at 13 Law Street South, St. Marys, Pembroke, in the 1901 Census, aged 23, born at Pembroke Dock [RG 13/5122/148].  She is possibly the Martha Jane Pi= cton married in 1901 [Pembroke, December 1901, 11a 2093] but a M. Picton of 1 St. Thomas Green, Haverfordwest, was present at the death of William George Pic= ton, her brother, in December 1945.

 

v.  = ALBERT PICTON, born 1881 at Pembroke Dock [Pembroke, March 1881, 11a 873].<= span style=3D'mso-spacerun:yes'>  He was living with his parents, ag= ed 3 months, in the 1881 Census [RG 11/5412/114].  He was living with his parents in = the 1891 Census, aged 10 [RG 12/4530/88].  He was living with his parents in the 1901 Census, a general laboure= r, aged 20 [RG 13/5122/154].  He = was a witness at the wedding of his brother, Arthur Picton, at Neath in 1912.  An Albert Picton married in 1908 to either Eliza Griffiths or Elizabeth Holt [Bridgend, December 1908, 11a 1480].  An Albert Picton married Mabel Gri= ffiths in 1924 [Bridgend, September 1924, 11a 1877].  Albert and Mabel Picton were the parents of:

 

a.  = WILLIAM HAROLD PICTON, born 28 June 1925 [Bridgend, September 1925, 11a 1563].  William H. Picton married ----- Mo= rris in 1950 [Bridgend, J= une 1950, 8b 81].  William = Harold Picton died in 1994, aged 68 [Ogwr, March 1994, 86A 106].

 

b.  MARGARET M. PICTON, born 1928 [Brid= gend, June 1928, 11a 1303].

 

vi. ARTHUR= PICTON, born 1883 at Pembroke Dock [Pembroke, June 1883, 11a 949].  He was living with his parents in = the 1891 Census, aged 8 [RG 12/4530/88].  He was living with his parents in the 1901 Census, a general labourer aged 18 [RG 13/5122/154].  Art= hur Picton married Margaret Priscilla Faithfull [born East End, Pembroke, 1887]= on 2 March 1912 at Neath Register Office [Neath, March 1912, 11a 1108].  Arthur Picton was aged 29 and Marg= aret Faithfull was aged 24.  The witnesses we= re Albert Picton, his brother, and Martha Jane Evans.  Arthur Picton was lodging in Lowth= er Street, Briton Ferry, at the time of their marriage and she was living at B= ank House, Briton Ferry.  He worke= d at Ward’s ship breakers at Giant’s Grave, a riverside enclave of Briton Ferry.  The firm had a similar operation at Milford Haven, so it may have been pre-arranged.  Arthur Picton was fatally injured = on 13 April 1916, aged 34, whilst at work [Neath, June 1916, 11a 915].  He had transferred employment to t= he Albion Steelworks and had become a ‘charge wheeler’, which invo= lved charging the furnace with scrap steel that was brought into the works on railway wagons.  He was caught between the wagons, crushed, and taken home to die.

 

His widow, Ma= rgaret Picton, remarried to Samuel William Axworthy [born 1864], a West Countryman= who worked as a labourer in the Oil Works [probably Llandarcy Refinery, which opened in 1921] on 23 August 1920 at Neath Register Office [Neath, September 1920, 11a 2544].  He was aged = 48, and she was aged 31, and both had been widowed.  They went on to have seven childre= n, including two sets of twins, but only three survived.  Margaret Axworthy was killed in an accident involving a coach around 1951.&nb= sp; Samuel Axworthy survived to be 100 and died in 1965, aged 101.  Arthur and Margaret Picton were the parents of:

 

a.  = WILLIAM GEORGE PICTON, born 24 December 1912 at 23 Pantyrheol, Briton Ferry [Neath, March 1913, 11a 1998].  William George Picton married Ruby Pascoe, a widow, in 1948 [Neath, March 1948, 8b 1036].  She had children from her first marriage.  Ruby E. Picton died in 1965, aged 51 [Neath, September 1965, 8b 415]= .  William George Picton died two or = three years later, but not in Neath but whilst away on holiday with a lady friend.  He was still working = as a gantry driver in the furnaces of the Albion steelworks.

 

b.  = THOMAS JOHN (JACK) PICTON, born 25 September 1915 at 23 Pantyrheol, Briton Ferry [Neath, December 1915, 11a 1712].&nb= sp; Thomas John Picton married Doreen Ivy Betty Evans [born 1922 at Pontypool] on 29 October 1939 at St. Davids Church, Neath [Neath, December 1939, 11a 2260].  He was a bombardier in the Royal Artillery, aged 23 and she was aged 17.  He had been in the Territorial Arm= y, and was immediately called up in 1939.  He had been employed in the rolling mill of the Albion steelworks.  He survived the war, but they divo= rced in 1966.  Betty Evan never rem= arried, but changed her name by deed poll and died in 1971.  Thomas John [‘Jack’] P= icton remarried to Mary Elizabeth Costain [born 11 August 1918] on 22 October 196= 6 at Neath Register Office [Neath, December 1966, 8b 920].  He was aged 51, and she was aged 48.  Mary Elizabeth Picton die= d on 9 January 1987 at Neath, aged 68 [Neath, January 1987].  Thomas John Picton died on 25 Dece= mber 1989, aged 74, whilst visiting his son and family at Hertford [Hertford and Ware, January 1990].  Thomas a= nd Betty Picton were the parents of:

 

= i.   HEDLEY NORMAN PICTON, born 12 September 1941 at Neath [Neath, September 194= 1, 11a 1435].  He was living at Carnhedryn Uchaf, Solva, near St. Davids, Dyfed SA62 6XT in 2006 [Tel: 01437 720986; h= edley.picton@tesco.net].  Hedley N. Picton married Patricia = Morgan [born 1947 at Briton Ferry] in 1965 [Neath, December 1965, 8b 1001].  They lived at Bluecoat House, Ware= , in Hertfordshire after their marriage (1966) and then at 81 Bentley Road, Hert= ford (1970); 23 Chambers Street, Hertford (1978); and 5 Ives Road, Hertford (1980).  Hedley and Patricia P= icton are the parents of:

 

a.  JULIA SAMANTHA PICTON, born 2 June = 1966 at Hertford General Hospital [Hertford, September 1966, 4b 270].  Julia S. Picton married Mark J. In= gleton in September 1999 [Huntingdon, September 1999, 333 37].

 

b.  SARAH VANESSA PICTON, born 16 October 1970 at Hertford General Hospital [Hertford, December 1970, 4b 5= 56].

 

c.&nb= sp;  ANNA MORWENNA PIC= TON, born 25 October 1978 at Hertford General Hospital [Hertford, Decem= ber 1978, 10 0479].=

&= nbsp;

d.  LYDIA REBECCA PICTON, born 18 Decem= ber 1980 at Hertford General Hospital [Hertford, March 1981, 18 0415= ].

 

vii.   ELIZABETH PICTON, born 1885/6= at Pembroke Dock.  Her birth entr= y does not seem to be in the central index to BMD.  Elizabeth Picton was living with h= er parents in the 1891 Census, aged 5 [RG 12/4530/88].  She was living with her parents in= the 1901 Census, aged 15 [RG 13/5122/154].&nbs= p; Elizabeth Picton married in 1910 to either Ernest J. Gough or Richar= d G. Wickerson [Pembroke, December 1910, 11a 2247].

 

viii.  = SIDNEY PICTON, born 1888 at Pembroke Dock [Pembroke, March 1888, 11a 993].  He was living with his parents in = the 1891 Census, aged 3 [RG 12/4530/88].  He was living with his parents in the 1901 Census, aged 12 [RG 13/5122/154].  Sidney Picton m= arried Anne Griffiths in 1915 [Pembroke, December 1915, 11a 2881].  Sidney and Anne Picton were the parents of:

 

a.  = FREDERICK THOMAS G. PICTON, born 15 March 1919 [Pembroke, June 1919, 11a 1938].  Frederick T. G. Picton died in Jan= uary 1999, aged 79 [Haver= fordwest, January 1999, 46D 43].

 

b.  CISSIE M. PICTON, born 1921 [Pembro= ke, December 1921, 11a 2634].  Cis= sie M. Picton married Michael O’Hara in 1945 [Haverfordwest, March 1945, 11a 2372].

 

ix. CHARLOTTE PICTON, born 1890 at Pembroke D= ock [Pembroke, September 1890, 11a 1056].  She was living with her parents in the 1891 Census, aged 9 months [RG 12/4530/88].

 

xi. CHARLOTTE PICTON, born 1892/3 at Pembroke Dock.  She was living with her parents in the 1901 Census, aged 7 [RG 13/5122/154].  It is not clear at this time if th= is is the same person as the previous entry.

 

e.  = THOMAS PICTON, born 1844 and bapt. at Cosheston on 12 January 1845 [Pembrok= e, December 1844, 26 672].  He was living with his parents in the 1851 Census, aged 6 [HO 107/2476/276].  He was a labourer in the dockyard = in 1866.  Thomas Picton married Charlotte Mathias, daughter of William Mathias of Monkton, sister to Mary Mathias, wife of John Picton in 1866 [Pembroke, September 1866, 11a 1080].<= span style=3D'mso-spacerun:yes'>  Thomas Picton was living at Lower = Pennar in the 1871 Census, married, aged 25, in the same street as his brother, Jo= hn Picton, and his father, James Picton [RG 10/5518/21].  Charlotte Picton was aged 26 in th= e 1871 Census, born at Monkton.

 

Thomas and Ch= arlotte Picton were living at Pembroke in the 1881 Census, he was an engine driver, aged 35, and his wife was aged 37 [RG 11/5412/114].  Thomas and Charlotte Picton were l= iving at 3 ------- Street, Pembroke in the 1891 Census.  Thomas Picton was an engine driver= , aged 44, born at Cosheston, and Charlotte Picton was aged 46, born at Pembroke D= ock [RG 12/4530/45].  Charlotte Pi= cton died in 1891, aged 48 [Pembroke, December 1891, 11a 824].  Thomas Picton, a widower and a saw= yer, who was living at 1 Imbel Street, St. Marys, Pembroke, in the 1901 Census, = aged 54, born at Lawrenny [RG 13/5123/70].  Thomas Picton died in 1901, aged 66 [Pembroke, December 1901, 11a 687].  Thomas and Charlotte Picton were t= he parents of:

 

i.   ELIZABETH PICTON, born 17 Dec= ember 1866 at Pennar [Pembroke, March 1867, 11a 735].  She was living with her parents in= the 1871 Census, aged 4 [RG 10/5518/21].  She was living with her parents, aged 14, in the 1881 Census [RG 11/5412/114].  Elizabeth Picto= n, born at Pennar, Pembrokeshire, was living at 45 The Walk, St. John’s, Cardiff, in the 1891 Census, aged 24, a domestic servant to Thomas H. Thoma= s, a widower aged 52 [RG 12/4390/141].

 

ii.  = WILLIAM PICTON, born 1869 at Pembroke Dock [Pembroke, March 1869, 11a 812]. = He was living with his parents in the 1871 Census, aged 2 [RG 10/5518/21].  He was living with his parents, ag= ed 12, in the 1881 Census [RG 11/5412/114].  He was living with his parents in the 1891 Census, aged 22, a coachm= an’s groom [RG 12/4530/45].  William Picton married in 1893 to Ruth Symmons Evans [Pembroke, December 1893, 11a 1681].  William Picton was living at 2 Gra= vel Lane, Pembroke Dock, in the 1901 Census, a general labourer, aged 36, born = at Pembroke Dock [RG 13/5122/66].  Also living with him was his wife, Ruth Picton, aged 26, born at Haverfordwest.<= span style=3D'mso-spacerun:yes'>  She is probably the Ruth Picton wh= o died in 1915, aged 40 [Pe= mbroke, June 1915, 11a 1458].  = William and Ruth Picton were the parents of:

 

a.  MARY ELLEN PICTON, born 1894 at Pem= broke Dock [Pembroke, June 1894, 1a 1083].  She was living with her parents in the 1901 Census, aged 6 [RG 13/5122/66].  Mary E. Picton m= arried ----- Singleton in 1913 [Pembroke, December 1913, 11a 2470].

 

b.  = WILLIAM ARTHUR PICTON, born 1896 at Pembroke Dock [Pembroke, June 1896, 11a 1199].  He was living with his parents in the 1901 Census, aged 5 [RG 13/5122/66].

 

c.  = THOMAS GEORGE PICTON, born 8 January 1898 at Pembroke Dock [Pembroke, March 1898, 11a 1188a].  He was livi= ng with his parents in the 1901 Census, aged 3 [RG 13/5122/66].  He is probably the Thomas G. Picto= n who married Olive M. Mathias [born 16 April 1899] in 1921 [Haverfordwest, March 1921, 11a 2685].  Thomas George Picton died on 1 June 1971, aged 73 [Haverfordwest, June 1971, 8c 1647].  Olive Mary Picton died in 1972, ag= ed 73 [Carmarthen, June 19= 72, 8a 1179].

 

d.  DORIS ALICE PICTON, born 1900 at Pe= mbroke Dock [Pembroke, June 1900, 11a 1210].  She was living with her parents in the 1901 Census, aged 11 months [= RG 13/5122/66].

 

e.  MARJORIE SYMMONS PICTON, born 25 Ap= ril 1910 [Pembroke, June 1910, 11a 1466].  Marjorie Symmons Picton died in 1975, aged 65 [Pembroke, June 1975, = 24 2307].

 

iii. THOMAS= GEORGE PICTON, born 1871 at Pembroke Dock [Pembroke, September 1871, 11a 780].  He is not recorded livi= ng with his parents in the 1871 Census.  He was living with his parents, aged 11, in the 1881 Census [RG 11/5= 412/114].  He was living with his parents in = the 1891 Census, aged 19, a sawyer [RG 12/4530/45].  Thomas George Picton married in 18= 96 to Annie Florence Turpie [Pembroke, June 1896, 11a 1595].  = There was also the marriage of a Thomas George Picton in 1903 to either Edith Sel= ina Harrison or Florence Williams [Haverfordwest, December 1903, 11a 2066].  Thomas Picton was living at 2 Front Street, Lower Pennar, Pembroke Dock in the 1901 Census, aged 28, a hammerma= n in the dockyard.  Also living wit= h him was his wife, Annie Picton, aged 28 (born 1872/3) [RG 13/5123/121].  They had no children at this time.=   Thomas G. Picton died in 1952, age= d 80 [Haverfordwest, June 1952, = 8c 295].  Thomas and Annie Picton were the p= arents of:

 

a.  ELSIE M. PICTON, born 1912 [Pembrok= e, March 1912, 11a 2830].

 

iv  = CHARLES PICTON, born 1876 at Pembroke Dock [Pembroke, March 1876, 11a 9x6].<= span style=3D'mso-spacerun:yes'>  He was living with his parents, ag= ed 5, in the 1881 Census [RG 11/5412/114].  He was living with his parents in the 1891 Census aged 14 [RG 12/4530/45].  He could not be = traced in the 1901 Census.  Charles P= icton died in 1943, aged 67 [Pembroke, December 1943, 11a 1377].

 

v.  = JAMES PICTON, born 1878 at Pembroke Dock [Pembroke, September 1878, 11a 888].  He was living with his parents, aged 2, in the 1881 Census [RG 11/5412/114].  He was living with his parents in = the 1891 Census, aged 11 [RG 12/4530/45].  He was a general labourer living with his father at St. Marys, Pembr= oke, in the 1901 Census, aged 22 [RG 13/5123/70].

 

vi. ELLEN PICTON, born 1882/3 at Pembroke Dock.  She was living with her parents in the 1891 Census, aged 8 [RG 12/4530/45].  She was living with her father in = the 1901 Census, aged 19 [RG 13/5123/70].  She could be the Ellen Picton who married in 1903 [Pembroke, September 1903, = 11a 1883].

 

vii.   AGNES PICTON, born 1885 at Pe= mbroke Dock [Pembroke, June 1885, 11a 979].  She was living with her parents in the 1891 Census, aged 6 [RG 12/4530/45].  She was living w= ith her father in the 1901 Census, aged 15 [RG 13/5123/70].  Agnes Picton married in 1910 to ----- [Pembroke, December 1910, 11a 2241].

 

viii.  = JOHN PICTON, born 1889 at Pembroke Dock [Pembroke, March 1889, 11a 935].  He was living with his parents in = the 1891 Census, aged 2 [RG 12/4530/45].  He was living with his father in the 1901 Census, aged 13 [RG 13/5123/70].  John Picton marr= ied in 1916 to Mary Bateman [Pembroke, September 1916, 11a 2046].  John and Mary Picton were the parents of:

 

a.  IVY PICTON, born 1918 [Pembroke, De= cember 1918, 11a 2293].

 

b.  = KENNETH J. PICTON, born 1920 [Pembroke, December 1920, 11a 2624].  Kenneth J. Picton married Hannah O= xley in 1943 [Portsmouth, September 1943, 2b 1314].  He probably died before 1984.

 

ix. GWENDOLINE MAY PICTON, born 1892 at Pembr= oke Dock [Pembroke, March 1892, 11a 1132].&nbs= p; She was living with her father in the 1901 Census, aged 9 [RG 13/5123/70].  Gwendoline M. Pi= cton married in 1918 to Frank E. Hixson [Pembroke, December 1918, 11a 2129].  A Gwendoline M. Picton also marrie= d to Harold Cole in 1926 [Pembroke, September 1926, 11a 2012] and to Thomas G. G= ale in 1937 [Haverfordwest, March 1937, 11a 2185].

 

f.   MARIA PICTON, born 1846 and b= apt. at Cosheston on 17 January 1847 [Pembroke, March 1847, 26 72].  She was living with her parents in= the 1851 Census, aged 5 [HO 107/2476/276].&nbs= p; She was not recorded in the 1861 Census of Pembrokeshire.  Maria Picton married James Codd, <= span style=3D'background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>a sailor [seaman&#8= 217;s ticket], at Christ Church, Battersea, on 30 March 1871 [Wandsworth, March 1= 871, 1d 534].  In the 1871 Census t= hey were living at 35 Battersea Park Road in the household of Francis Robert Bertolucci, a Senior Clerk at the War Office; Maria Codd was a domestic ser= vant, aged 23, and James Codd was described as a servant’s husband, aged 25= [RG 10/702/36].  James Codd left t= he UK under a cloud, fled to Valparaiso in Chile, and assumed the surname Jones, = his mother’s maiden name.  He started a building and undertaking business in Valparaiso, which prospered.=

 

James Codd was born at Monkton in 1848, the third of sev= en children of William Codd, a dockyard labourer, and Mary, née Jones, = of Lawrenny, who were married in 1841.  William Codd died in the summer of = 1858 in his forty-first year.  His = son describes him as a 'shipwright' in the marriage certificate of 1871.  The widowed Mary Codd, a charwoman= , was living in Back Terrace, Monkton, in 1861.&= nbsp; Several abortive attempts have been made by Hedley Picton to trace t= heir progress in Chile via the Consular Service [2007 communication].=

 

g.  JANE PICTON, bapt. Cosheston on 29 = April 1849 [Pembroke, June 1849, 26 825].  She was living with her parents in the 1851 Census, aged 2 [HO 107/2476/276].  Jane Picton ma= rried John Mathias of Pembroke Dock in 1871 [Pembroke, September 1871, 11a 1076].  John Mathias was broth= er to Mary and Charlotte Mathias, who had married into this Picton family already (see entries 1 and 5 above).  = John Mathias, a carpenter aged 33, born at Monkton, and Jane Mathias, aged 31, b= orn at Cosheston, were living in the 1881 Census [RG 11/5412/115].  Jane Mathias was living at 7 Swan = Row, Pembroke Dock, in the 1891 Census, aged 41, born at Cosheston, with her husband, John Mathias, aged 43, a joiner, born at Monkton, and 7 children [= RG 12/4531/10].  John Mathias was living at 1 Nelson Street, Pennar, in the 1901 Census, a ship’s joiner aged 53, with his wife, Jane Mathias, aged 52, born at Cosheston [RG 13/5123/112].  John and Jane M= athias were the parents of:

 

i.   ELLEN MATHIAS, born 1872 at Pembroke Dock [Pembroke, September 1872, 11a 795].  She was living with her parents in= the 1881 Census, aged 8 [RG 11/5412/115].  She was living with her parents in the 1891 Census, aged 18 [RG 12/4531/10].  She was living w= ith her parents in the 1901 Census, aged 28 [RG 13/5123/112].  Ellen Mathias married in 1902 [Pem= broke, March 1902, 11a 1591 or Pembroke, March 1902, 11a 1607].<= /b>

 

ii.  AGNES MATHIAS, born 1876 at Pembrok= e Dock [Pembroke, March 1876, 11a 949].  She was living with her parents in the 1881 Census, aged 5 [RG 11/5412/115].  She was not liv= ing with her parents in the 1891 Census.  Agnes Mathias married in 1899 [Pembroke, December 1899, 11a 1910].

 

iii. WILLIAM JOHN (JAMES) MATHIAS, born 1877 at Pembroke Dock [Pembroke, March 1877, 11a 942].  He was living with his parents in = the 1881 Census, aged 3 [RG 11/5412/115].  He was living with his parents in the 1891 Census, aged 13 [RG 12/4531/10].  He was living wi= th his parents in the 1901 Census, a hammerman, aged 23 [RG 13/5123/112].  William James Mathias married in 1= 901 to either Anna Eynon or Elizabeth Williams [Pembroke, June 1901, 11a 1870].  A William J. Mathias married in 19= 11 [Pembroke, September 1911, 11a 2285].

 

iv. JOHN MATHIAS, born 1878 at Pembroke Dock [Pembroke, September 1878, 11a 876].  He was living with his parents in the 1881 Census, aged 2 [RG 11/5412/115].  He was living w= ith his parents in the 1891 Census, aged 12 [RG 12/4531/10].  He was living with his parents in = the 1901 Census, a carpenter aged 22 [RG 13/5123/112].  John Mathias married in 1903 to ei= ther Esther Elizabeth Hicks or Ada Eveline Phillips [Pembroke, June 1903, 11a 18= 92].

 

v.  HENRY MATHIAS, born 1881 at Pembroke Dock.  He was living with his parents in the 1881 Census, aged 2 months [RG 11/5412/115].  He was living with his parents in = the 1891 Census, aged 10 [RG 12/4531/10].  He was living with his parents in the 1901 Census, an apprentice shipwright, a= ged 20 [RG 13/5123/112].  Henry Ma= thias married in 1902 to Martha Ann Williams [Haverfordwest, June 1902, 11a 1795]= .

 

vi. ALBERT EDWIN MATHIAS, born 1883 at Pembro= ke Dock [Pembroke, March 1883, 11a 919].  He was living with his parents in the 1891 Census, aged 8 [RG 12/4531/10].  He was living wi= th his parents in the 1901 Census, an apprentice shipwright aged 18 [RG 13/5123/11= 2].  Albert Edwin Mathias married in 19= 08, probably to Annie Maria Howells [Pontypridd, June 1908, 11a 1199].

 

vii.   FREDERICK GEORGE MATHIAS, bor= n 1884 at Pembroke Dock [Pembroke, December 1884, 11a 940].  He was living with his parents in = the 1891 Census, aged 6 [RG 12/4531/10].  He was living with his parents in the 1901 Census, a moulder aged 16= [RG 13/5123/112].  A Frederick Mat= hias married in 1911 to either Charlotte E. M. Evans or Florence Pritchard [Pembroke, June 1911, 11a 2180].  There is also the marriage of a Frederick C. Mathias in 1915 to Mart= ha A. Reynolds [Haverfordwest, December 1915, 11a 3007].=

 

viii.  CHARLES EDWARD MATHIAS, born 1887 at Pembroke Dock [Pembroke, March 1887, 11a 933].  He was living with his parents in = the 1891 Census, aged 4 [RG 12/4531/10].  He was living with his parents in the 1901 Census, a joiner aged 14 = [RG 13/5123/112].  There is a Char= les Edward Mathias marrying in 1910 to either Mary Hannah Edwards or Maggie Mor= gan [Swansea, March 1910, 11a 1490].  There is also a Charles E. Mathias marrying in 1914 in Devon [Holsworthy, March 1914, 5b 850].

 

h.  CHARLOTTE PICTON, bapt. Cosheston o= n 1 September 1850 [Pembroke, September 1850, 26 776].  She was living with her parents in= the 1851 Census, aged 1 [HO 107/2476/276].&nbs= p; Charlotte Picton married George Williams of Pennar [born Monkton ca 1847/8] at Pembroke St. Mary on 18 January 1871 [Witnesses: John Mathias and Jane Picton; Pembroke, March 1871, 11a 893].  George and Charlotte Williams were living at Lower Pennar in the 1871 Census, next door to her two brothers, J= ohn Picton and Thomas Picton and her father and mother, James and Ann Picton [RG 10/5518/21].  George Williams = was aged 23, a labourer in the dockyard, born at Monkton, and Charlotte Williams was aged 20, born at Cosheston.

 

George Willia= ms was living at 21 Upper Prospect Place, St. Marys, Pembroke, in the 1901 Census,= a labourer aged 58, with his wife Charlotte Williams, aged 52, born at Pembro= ke [RG 13/5123/58].

 

Records

 

WO 13/4496, Pembrokeshire Milford Artillery 1803 to 1814.  ADM 102/577, Milford 1807 to 1812, Hospital Records.

 

The nonconformist records whic= h survive for the area at the PRO include:

RG 4/2781: PEMBROKESHIRE: Milford, The Tabernacle (Congregational): Births & Baptisms 1796-1837.  RG 4/3476: PEMBROKESHIRE: Milford, Short Lane Chapel and Enon, Sandy Haven, St. Ishmael (Baptist): Births.

 

i.   LEONARD JAMES PICTON, born 31 July 1919 [Haverfordwest, September 1919, 11a 2404].  He was the son of the marriage of Henry Picton to Elizabeth Griffiths in 1907.  Leonard James Picton died in Septe= mber 2004, aged 85 [Pembr= okeshire, June 2004, J5C 34].

 

 

MISS T= . NICHOLLS SAUNDERSFOOT The death occurred on March 11th at Withybush Hospital, of Miss Tilly Nicholls, of Harry's Tump, Sardis, Saundersfoot. She was 97. Miss Nicholls was from Sardis and went into service as a maid at the age of 16, working for the same employer until 1954, returning home when her mother di= ed. Tilly then worked as a housekeeper for Mr and Mrs Cobb, at Selwyn House Sch= ool, Begelly. She was a member of Saundersfoot and Kilgetty Guild of Friendship, Saundersfoot Caring Society and was a regular worshipper at St Issell's chu= rch, Saundersfoot. Family left to mourn are: Graham and Jean Picton, Peter Nicho= lls, Mr and Mrs Gareth Nicholls, Mr B. Picton, Mr and Mrs Gwyn Nicholls (nephews). Unable to attend was Margaret Nicholls, London (niece). The funeral took place on March 17th, at= St Issell's, followed by cremation at Parc Gwyn, Narberth and was conducted by Canon M. Butler. The bearers at the church were P. Nicholls, G. Nicholls, G= wyn Nicholls and D. Nicholls and at the crematorium were Luke Nicholls, Michael Nicholls, David Nicholls and Lloyd Nicholls. Principal mourners were: Graham and Jean Picton, Peter Nicholls, Mr and Mrs Gareth Nicholls, Mr B. Picton, = Mr and Mrs Gwyn Nicholls (nephews). There were family flowers only, with donat= ions for St Issell's church, Saundersfoot to Stewart Treharne of E. C. Thomas and Son, Funeral Directors, Archways,' Green Plains, Stepaside, who carried out= the funeral arrangements.

 


Picton in Hampshire, 1837 = - 1983

 

PICTON, Alfred Llewellyn<= span lang=3DEN-GB style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman"'> 1883= March Births Portsea Island Hampshire

PICTON, Alfred Llewellyn<= span lang=3DEN-GB style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman"'> 1907 September Marriages Portsmouth Hampshire

Picton, Arthur 1874= June Births Alverstoke Hampshire

Picton, Arthur 1874= June Deaths Alverstoke Hampshire

Picton, Arthur Edward 1890= June Births Portsea Island Hampshire

Picton, Charles Hancock 1886= March Deaths Portsea Island Hampshire

Picton, Charles Henry 1884 September Deaths Hartley Wintney Hampshire

Picton, Christabel Agnes<= span lang=3DEN-GB style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman"'> 1871 September Births Alverstoke Hampshire

Picton, Edgar Ewart 1894 December Births Portsea Island Hampshire

Picton, Edwin George 1904= March Births Portsmouth Hampshire

Picton, Elizabeth 1876 September Marriages Basingstoke Berkshire Hampshire

Picton, Elizabeth Melita<= span lang=3DEN-GB style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman"'> 1902= March Births Portsmouth Hampshire

Picton, George Corlett 1900 December Marriages Farnham Hampshire Surrey

Picton, George Frederick<= span lang=3DEN-GB style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman"'> 1903 September Marriages Portsmouth Hampshire

Picton, George James 1901 December Births Farnham Hampshire Surrey

Picton, Harriet 1852= March Marriages Kingsclere (1837-1932) Hampshire

Picton, Harriet Jane 1882 September Deaths Farnham Hampshire Surrey

Picton, Henry 1881= March Marriages Farnham Hampshire Surrey

Picton, Henry 1885 September Deaths Hartley Wintney Hampshire

Picton, Henry Thomas 1878= June Deaths South Stoneham Hampshire

Picton, Ida Louise 1892= September Births Portsea Island Hampshire

Picton, Ida Louise 1903= June Deaths Portsmouth Hampshire

Picton, James William 1901= June Marriages Portsmouth Hampshire

Picton, Jane 1903 December Dea= ths Portsmouth Hampshire

Picton, John 1896 March Marria= ges Basingstoke Berkshire Hampshire

Picton, John 1898 March Deaths Alverstoke Hampshire

Picton, Mary 1853 June Births Basingstoke Berkshire Hampshire

Picton, Mary 1903 September Marriages Portsmouth Hampshire

Picton, Mary Ann 1870 December Marriages Portsea Island Hampshire

Picton, Winifred Lila 1905= June Births Portsmouth Hampshire

 <= /span>

Picton, Arthur James<= /span> 21 Warrington, Lancashire Servant Eglwys Rhos Caernarvonshire

Picton, James 36 St Davids, Pembrokeshire Head Llantrisant Glamorgan

Picton, James 33 Monmouthshire = Head Llanwonno Glamorgan

Picton, James 18 Michaelston, Glamorgan Son Ystradyfodwg Glamorgan

Picton, James 36 Burton, Pembrokeshire Head Burton Pembrokeshire

Picton, James 78 Freystrop Head Freystrop Pembrokeshire

Picton, James 40 Pem, Pembrokes= hire Lodger Herbrandston Pembrokeshire

Picton, James 29 St Ishmael, Pembrokeshire Son Herbrandston Pembrokeshire

Picton, James 58 Manorbier Head Prendergast Pembrokeshire

Picton, James 1 Pembrokeshire S= on St Mary Pembroke Pembrokeshire

Picton, James 30 Pembroke Dock, Pembrokeshire Head St Mary Pembroke Pembrokeshire

Picton, James 11 Pembroke Dock, Pembrokeshire Son St Mary Pembroke Pembrokeshire

Picton, James 64 Pembroke, Pembrokeshire Head St Michael Pembrokeshire

Picton, Jas Thos 24 Penrith, Pembrokeshire Lodger Merthyr Ty= dfil Glamorgan

 


AN ANALYSIS O= F THE 1840 TITHE SCHEDULE, TITHE MAP AND THE 1841 CENSUS RETURN FOR COSHESTON

 

An analysis was attempted = to try and correlate the order in which the names of the heads of households appea= r in the 1841 Census Enumerator’s Schedule with the names of occupiers of = land in Cosheston parish on the 1840 Tithe Schedule.  From this analysis it was hoped to= be able to locate the exact house, or at least fairly precisely the area, in w= hich James Picton and his family and his mother, Jane Picton, were living on the accompanying Tithe Map.  Peter Davies, Deadly Perils [Pembrokeshire Coastal Trading, author is from= St. Davids area].

 

1841 CENSUS RETURN OF COSH= ESTON [The Census = was taken on the night of 6 June 1841]

 

The 1841 Census of Coshest= on was taken in two parts, which comprised Enumeration Districts No. 20 and No. 21.  Together these two Distri= cts formed part of the Registrar’s District of Tenby.  James Picton, his wife and two you= ng children and Jane Picton his mother, are to be found on folio 17 of Enumera= tion District No. 21 [HO 107/1443/4/17].  The Description in the Enumerator’s Schedule at the beginning = of this District says “The remaining part of the parish of Cosheston,= and divided from District No. 20 by the road mentioned in said District leading from Pembroke to Lawrenny Ferry”.  The Lawrenny Ferry in 1841 ran fro= m what is now Jenkins Point, just downriver from the junction of the Cresswell and Carew Rivers, to Lawrenny Quay on the opposite bank.  The houses in Cosheston parish, on= the south side of the estuary from where the ferry ran, were known as Lawrenny Ferry in the Enumerator’s Schedule.&= nbsp; District No. 21 comprised folios 12 to 20, so presumably District No= . 20 comprised folios 1 to 11, and covered the first part of the parish of Cosheston.  From the informati= on below, it must have extended to the east of the street running from Pembroke Dock to the Lawrenny Ferry.  T= his street entered the parish by a bridge crossing over the small stream which = fed into Cosheston Pill, a shallow tidal backwater of the Cleddau River.  How far this was navigable upstrea= m from its branching off the Cleddau River in the early 1800s is at present unknown.  A useful book to examine is Dr. Ro= bert Llewellyn Davies, A River Never Sleeps : A Local History of Martletwy, Minwear, Newton and Coedcanlas 1750-1950, Landshipping, Martletwy & Newton Millennium Committee, c1999, 436 pages with index [Address: 166 Fidl= as Road, Llanishen, Cardiff, CF14 5LZ; Tel: 02920 759835]; also by the same authors, Flow Gently Sweet River - a local history of Lawrenny.  Peter B. S. Davies, Deadly Peri= ls: Coastal Shipping, Cargoes, Shipwrecks Around the Coasts and Islands of Pembrokeshire, 1999. He is a St. David's man.

 

It could be useful to have= a copy of the Enumerator’s Schedule for District No. 20; but it is clea= r by an examination of the reproduction of the first edition of the Ordnance Sur= vey (OS) map, published by David & Charles (Publishers) Limited [Sheet 65] = that the Census area lies to the west of what would have been the major road pas= sing through the village running from south to north.  This OS map “substantially reproduces in facsimile the topography of the re-engraved version of 1839, = based on a survey in the early 1830s.  Apart from the addition of geology to the plate, the main changes se= rved to record the development of Pembroke Dock and the construction of railways= in the area”.  The pari= sh of Cosheston is bounded to the east and south by the parishes of Upton, Carew = and Nash.  To the south and west i= t is bounded by the parishes of Monkton and Pembroke.

 

The notes accompanying this reproduction OS map give some interesting detail on the history of the surv= ey of this area of Pembrokeshire.  The local topography survey was completed between 1809 and 1814 at a uniform sc= ale of 2 inches to 1 mile.  It was executed by the Royal Military Surveyors and Draftsmen, probably assisted by local surveyors hired for the task.  Copies of their fair drawings of this work are preserved in the Brit= ish Museum, but their character is such as to suggest that the work was underta= ken in haste [An index to the drawings will be found in BM Maps Ref B. 4a].  Field boundaries, for instance, us= ually depicted on the 2 inch drawings if only diagrammatically, are imperfectly d= rawn in this area and only where they intersect roads.  This evidence of a lack of thoroug= hness in the preparation of sheet 38, may have influenced the decision to re-engr= ave the whole map on new copper plating in 1839.  As early as 1821, for instance, th= e Duke of Wellington, then Master General of the Ordnance, had received complaints about the omission and spelling of place-names on the map of Pembrokeshire [Ordnance Survey Letter Book, 1817-1822, Southampton, pp. 271, 219-221].  Sheet 38 was first published on 16 February 1818, and thus if a copy can be located it will give an even closer idea of how things appeared when John Picton was alive.  It underwent a number of minor cha= nges until re-engraved in 1839, as detailed in the notes accompanying the David = and Charles reproduction map.

 

The Table below is compile= d from the heads of households in District No. 21, beginning at folio 15 and worki= ng through in sequence to folio 20.  Each folio page consists of two columns of household entries.  Other adults, living at the same address, are also included underneath the name of the head of the household, but all wives are excluded.  W= idows or single women are included if they were the head of the household.  Male or female servants over 21 ar= e not included, unless they were head of the household.  Any people living at a household a= nd recorded as paupers are included, just in case they were receiving parish relief, and thus might be recorded in some other parish record.  Lewis said the average annual expenditure for the support of the poor of Cosheston amounted to £137:15s:0d in 1833 [S. Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales= , 1833].

 

An examination of the Cens= us entries shows that the enumerator of District No. 21 does not appear to have followed, in any consistent fashion, the instructions issued with the Censu= s to round down to the nearest five years the ages of adults present.  Thus James Picton is given as aged= 35, when from his date of baptism it is clear he was aged at least 34.  However, many other adults have th= eir exact ages recorded.

 

Of the landowners named in= the 1840 Tithe Schedule, very few were resident in the parish of Cosheston.

 

COSHESTON – PART OF ENUMERATION DISTRICT No. 21 [HO 107/1443/4]

 <= /p>

Folio

Number<= /p>

Place Name

(if given)

Head of=

Household

Age

Years

Occupation

Tithe Schedule Ref. Numbe= rs (if present)

15

West Street

William Phillips

John Hill

28

76

Tailor<= /p>

Tailor<= /p>

 <= /p>

15

West Street

Henry Webb

36

Blacksmith

 <= /p>

15

West Street

David Thomas

30

Joiner<= /p>

 <= /p>

15

West Street

William John

25

Ag. Lab.

 <= /p>

15

West Street

Thomas Lewis

60

Dock labourer<= /span>

 <= /p>

15

West Street

Roger Cadogan<= /span>

25

Mason

 <= /p>

15

West Street

Uninhabited house

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

15

West Street

John Lewis

44

Mason

 <= /p>

15

West Street

William Philips

50

Shoemaker

 <= /p>

15

West Street

William Thomas=

55

Dockyard labourer

 <= /p>

15

West Street

Thomas Goodridge

Hugh Lloyd

50

93

Farmer<= /p>

 <= /p>

16

West Street

Thomas Lloyd

60

Mason

 <= /p>

16

West Street

Charles David<= /span>

George Hill

75

24

Ag. Lab.

Ag. Lab.

 <= /p>

16

West Street

Anne Evans

George Evans

William Evans<= /span>

55

30

22

 <= /p>

Mason

Mason

 <= /p>

16

West Street

John Nicholas<= /span>

39

Ag. Lab.

 <= /p>

16

West Street

John Butler

Elizabeth Butler

45

76

Mason

 <= /p>

16

West Street

James Leach

25

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

16

West Street

John Parsell

25

Ag. Lab.

 <= /p>

16

West Street

Lettice Row

Thomas Row

60

25

 <= /p>

Dock shipwright

 <= /p>

16

West Street

Jacob John

29

Ag. Lab.

 <= /p>

16

West Street

John Thomas

53

Ag. Lab.

 <= /p>

16

West Street

John Holcombe<= /span>

75

Clergyman

 <= /p>

16

West Street

Mary Jones

40

Independent

 <= /p>

16

West Street

John Price

25

Male servant

 <= /p>

16

West Street

John John

54

Farmer<= /p>

 <= /p>

17

West Street

John Davies

16

Male servant

 <= /p>

17

West Street

John Phillips<= /span>

50

Taylor<= /p>

 <= /p>

17

West Street

James Picton

Jane Picton

30

81

Ag. Lab.

Pauper<= /p>

 <= /p>

17

West Mountain<= /span>

Thomas Lewis

38

Ag. Lab.

 <= /p>

17

West Mountain<= /span>

Foxholes

Thomas Sanders=

39

Ag. Lab.

 <= /p>

17

Ferrypits

John Warlow

35

Ag. Lab.

 <= /p>

17

Point

William Mathias

49

Ag. Lab.

 <= /p>

17

Point

James Mathias<= /span>

26

Sailor<= /p>

 <= /p>

18

Point

John Griffiths=

36

Ag. Lab.

 <= /p>

18

Millcombe

Henry Warlow

72

Ag. Lab.

 <= /p>

18

Sunnyhill

Hansel Owens

60

Fisherman

 <= /p>

18

Lawrenny Ferry=

Mary Seybel (?)

46

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

18

Lawrenny Ferry=

George Mathias=

20

Dock shipwright

 <= /p>

18

Lawrenny Ferry=

Zeana Thomas

82

Pauper<= /p>

 <= /p>

18

Lawrenny Ferry=

William Thomas=

50

Ag. Lab.

 <= /p>

18

Lawrenny Ferry=

Evan Evans

Daniel Evans

Anne Powell

40

60

21

Shipwright

Seaman<= /p>

Independent

 <= /p>


 

Folio

Number<= /p>

Place Name

(if given)

Head of=

Household

Age

Years

Occupation

Tithe Schedule Ref. Numbe= rs (if present)

18

Lawrenny Ferry=

William Gwyther

35

Dockyard labourer

 <= /p>

18

Showhouse

John Evans

48

Journeyman, shipwright

 <= /p>

18

Hoilcombe

Thomas Jones

John Phillips<= /span>

60

20

Fisherman

Fisherman

 <= /p>

18

Hoilcombe

Anne Hunniford=

20

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

18

Hoilcombe

William Jones<= /span>

40

Fisherman

 <= /p>

19

Hoilcombe

Francis Purser (?)

29

Fisherman

 <= /p>

19

Hoilcombe

James Hunniford

30

Dockyard labourer

 <= /p>

19

Sea Cottage

Stephen Purser (?)

70

Fisherman

 <= /p>

19

Newhouse

William Cale

55

Mason

 <= /p>

19

Strawhall

Elizabeth Jones

Sarah John

27

60

 <= /p>

Pauper<= /p>

 <= /p>

19

Strawhall

Margaret Hunniford

George Hunniford

70

21

Pauper<= /p>

Journeyman, mason

 <= /p>

19

Strawhall

Margaret Annams (?)<= /o:p>

36

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

19

Sunnyhill

Thomas Sanders=

60

Ag. Lab.

 <= /p>

19

Underhill

Elizabeth Gwyther

Thomas Gwyther=

Aaron Gwyther<= /span>

60

40

25

Pauper<= /p>

Seaman<= /p>

Dockyard labourer

 <= /p>

19

Millbay=

John Furlong

50

Dockyard sawyer

 <= /p>

19

Millbay=

George Phillips

50

Ag. Lab.

 <= /p>

19

Woodfield

George Bowling=

69

Independent

 <= /p>

20

Separate Building

Patrick Kerrigham (?)

42

Male servant

 <= /p>

20

Mountain Yard (?)

John Griffiths=

Martha Griffiths

50

85

Fisherman

Independent

 <= /p>

20

Mountain Yard (?)

Stephen Rowland

25

Male servant

 <= /p>

20

Cosheston Point

Elizabeth Sinnot

40

Pauper<= /p>

 <= /p>

 

EXAMINATION OF THE TITHE M= AP AND 1839 SCHEDULE FOR COSHESTON

 

It is immediately clear fr= om examination of the Tithe Map that the village of Cosheston is clustered aro= und the crossroad at its centre.  = A road runs from the bridge over the stream in the far south of the parish, which feeds into Cosheston Pill, and heads northwards to the Lawrenny Ferry.  Another road runs from the east, a= nd the hamlet of Pasketon in the parish, through the village, and continues on past the church to terminate ultimately at the Point (Cosheston Point).  This latter road is known as West = Street, for obvious reasons, although it is not certain at this time if the road to= the east of the crossroad was also known as West Street.  A further analysis of the Tithe Ma= p, Schedule and Census Return would clarify this point.<= /p>

 

As the houses were grouped= on either side of West Street, the analysis was conducted by noting the number= s on either side of the street, beginning at the crossroads and noting the house= s in sequence along West Street from east to west.  The results are tabulated below.  Some houses have associated gardens adjacent to them, and all houses can be identified by their description as = such in the Tithe Schedule, thus confirming they are dwellings and not farm buildings.  Unfortunately the = buildings are not colour coded on the map, and, in general, there is a lack of names = on the map for topographical features and hamlets.  Key features include the church, w= hich is on the extreme west of the village (No. 414, area: 2 acres, 0 roods 8 perches); and isolated houses to the west of the village are given for reference purposes.  These inc= lude No. 510, No. 389, No. 429 and No. 441 [Cosheston Point].<= /b>

 

Of particular note is that= in the 1841 Census Return the Picton family is living at the very last property indicated as being in West Street.  The next house in the Census Return was at West Mountain, a name that unfortunately did not appear on the Tithe Map and Schedule.  It is also unclear at this time if anyone who had the occupation of Ag. Lab. (Agricultural Labourer) in the 18= 41 Census appears on the Tithe Schedule.  It could be that as they were the labouring poor, they lived in dwellings rented out by the farmer on whose land they worked.  Perhaps, in some cases, the farmer= lived in the same or and adjacent property.  There is an obvious discrepancy also between the numbers of Heads of Households living in West Street in the 1841 Census and the corresponding n= ames that can be deduced from living in the same Street in the 1839 Schedule.  The 1841 Census lists 28 separate families living in West Street, whereas the Schedule lists 18.  There were six families listed of = whom the head of the household was an agricultural labourer.

 


Occcupiers of Houses in West Street, 1839 Schedule=

 

South Side of West Street=

North Side of West Street=

Tithe Map

Number<= /p>

Occupier

Owner

Tithe Map

Number<= /p>

Occupier

Owner

385

Rev. J. Holcombe

Rev. J. Holcombe

530

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

390

Roger Duggan

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

528

John Carduggan=

 <= /p>

391

William Phillips

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

527

Thomas Canton<= /span>

Mrs Ann Barlow=

398

Thomas Gudridge

Mrs Ann Barlow=

525

Charles Davis<= /span>

Abraham Leach<= /span>

399

John Nicholas<= /span>

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

524

Charles Davis<= /span>

Abraham Leach<= /span>

405

John Butler

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

522

George Brinn

Mrs Rebecca Phillips=

407

Thomas Lewis

Abraham Leach<= /span>

520

Jacob John

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

339

Rev. J. Holcombe

Rev. J. Holcombe

516

John John

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

411

John John

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

514

John Phillips<= /span>

Abraham Leach<= /span>

414

Church<= /p>

Rev. J. Holcombe

510

John John

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

389

Mrs Roch

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

441

Thomas Twigg

Abraham Leach<= /span>

429

Thomas Sanders=

Abraham Leach<= /span>

462

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 


 

South Side of West Street=

Type of Land

Land Area

Tithe Map

Number<= /p>

Occupier

Owner

 <= /p>

Acres

Roods

Perches=

385

Mr. Holcombe

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

House and Garden

0

1

18 (a)<= /p>

386

Mr. Holcombe

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Upper Meadow

0

3

14 (a)<= /p>

387

Mr. Holcombe

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Lower Meadow

0

3

21 (a)<= /p>

388

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

389

Miss Roch

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

House and garden

0

1

8 (b)

390

Roger Duggan

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

House and garden

0

0

37

391

William Phillips

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Cottage and garden

0

0

30

392

William Thomas=

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Cottage and garden

0

1

0 (c)

393

William Thomas=

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Garden

0

0

15 (c)<= /p>

394

William Thomas=

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Meadow

1

1

0 (c)

395

William Thomas=

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Meadow

1

0

19 (c)<= /p>

396

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

397

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

398

Thomas Gudridge

Mrs Ann Barlow=

Cottage and garden

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

399

John Nicholas<= /span>

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Cottage and garden

0

0

24

400

John Nicholas<= /span>

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Garden

0

0

30

401

John Nicholas<= /span>

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Upper Meadow

1

0

11

402

John Nicholas<= /span>

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Lower Meadow

0

3

24

403

John Butler

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Lower Meadow

0

3

10 (d)<= /p>

404

John Butler

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Upper Meadow

0

2

38 (d)<= /p>

405

John Butler

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

House and garden

0

0

37 (d)<= /p>

406

John Butler

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Garden

0

1

13 (d)<= /p>

407

Thomas Lewis

Abraham Leach<= /span>

Cottage and garden

0

1

13 (e)<= /p>

408

Rev. J. Holcombe

Mrs Ann Barlow=

House, garden and yards, Prudence Meadow

1

2

28

339

Rev. J. Holcombe

Rev. J. Holcombe

House and garden

2

0

38

409

Cornelius Mathias

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Pasture

0

1

16

410

John John

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Orchard

0

3

0

411

John John

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Town Yards and garden

0

2

30

412

John John

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Church Hill, pasture

4

1

14

413

John John

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Croft, pasture

4

1

2

414

Church Yard

Rev. J. Holcombe

 

0

2

3

389

Mrs Roch

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

House and garden

3

1

8

 

(a) Piece No. 501 is also part of this parcel= of lands.

(b) Pieces Nos. 352, 354 and 366 are also par= t of this parcel of lands.

(c)  Piece No. 475 is also part of this = parcel of lands.

(d) Pieces Nos. 581, 588 and 621 are also par= t of this parcel of lands.

(e) Pieces Nos. 241, 247, 532 and 542 are als= o part of this parcel of lands.

The Rev. J. Holcombe also owned pieces 334 to 339 and 414.

Woodfield, Pieces Nos. 182 to 202 was owned by Orlando Harris Williams Esq., and occup= ied by George Bowling.

John Thomas occupied pieces 51 to 64.

Cornelius Mathias occupied Pieces Nos. 373 to 374, 409, 467 to 470, 473, 479, 499, 502 and 503.

Thomas Twigg occupied Piece= s Nos. 248, 377, 380 to 384, 422, 424 to 425, 427, 432 to 433, 435, 438, 440 to 44= 5, 451, 454 to 457, 466, 471, 483, 492, 494 to 495, 501, 513, 534, 536, 547 and 655 to 659.

 


 

North Side of West Street=

Type of Land

Land Area

Tithe Map

Number<= /p>

Occupier

Owner

 <= /p>

Acres

Roods

Perches=

531

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

530

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

House and garden

0

1

0

529

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Plantation Wood

0

1

21

528

Thomas Canton<= /span>

John Carduggan=

Mrs Ann Barlow=

Cottage and garden

0

0

24 (a)<= /p>

527

Thomas Canton<= /span>

Mrs Ann Barlow=

Cottage and garden

0

0

36 (a)<= /p>

526

Thomas Canton<= /span>

Mrs Ann Barlow=

Meadow<= /p>

1

3

10 (a)<= /p>

525

Charles Davis<= /span>

Abraham Leach<= /span>

Cottage and garden

0

1

0

524

Charles Davis<= /span>

Abraham Leach<= /span>

Cottage and garden

0

0

30

523

Charles Davis<= /span>

Abraham Leach<= /span>

Meadow<= /p>

3

1

20

522

George Brinn

Mrs Rebecca Phillips=

Cottage and garden

0

2

16 (b)<= /p>

521

George Brinn

Mrs Rebecca Phillips=

Dawkins Meadow=

1

2

21 (b)<= /p>

520

Jacob John

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Cottage and garden

0

1

0

519

Jacob John

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Garden<= /p>

0

1

10

518

Jacob John

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Pasture=

2

0

24

517

John John

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

The Backs, pasture

1

3

0 (c)

516

John John

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Cottage and garden

0

2

32 (c)<= /p>

515

John John

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Haggard Park, meadow=

1

1

24 (c)<= /p>

514

John Phillips<= /span>

Abraham Leach<= /span>

Cottage and garden

0

1

20 (d)<= /p>

513

Thomas Twigg

Abraham Leach<= /span>

Croft, meadow<= /span>

3

1

2

512

Jacob John

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Long Meadow

2

0

19

511

Jacob John

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Townsend, pasture

1

2

3

510

John John

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Cottage and garden

0

1

11

509

John John

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Townsend, pasture

5

2

26

508

John John

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

New Park, pasture

2

0

14 (e)<= /p>

507

Jacob John

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

West Spanish Acre

2

1

13 (e)<= /p>

506

John John

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Spanish Acre, pasture

1

0

21 (f)<= /p>

 

(a) Piece No. 353 is also part of this parcel= of lands.

(b) Pieces Nos. 351, 478, 562, 567, 571 and 5= 89 are also part of this parcel of lands.

(c)  Piece No. 593 is also part of this = parcel of lands.

(d) Pieces Nos. 203, 230, 250, 355, 378 and 5= 63 are also part of this parcel of lands.

(e) Pieces Nos. 500 and 504 are also part of = this parcel of lands.

(f)  Piece No. 497 is also part of this = parcel of lands.

 


From the 1841 Census it ca= n be seen that John Phillips, a tailor aged 50, was occupying the property next = to James Picton and his family.  = John Phillips was living at No. 514 in the Tithe Schedule, and this lies right at the far end of West Street, opposite the parish church.  Beyond these houses were the field= s in which the agricultural labourers, like James Picton, worked.  So it is a reasonable assumption t= hat this was where James Picton and his mother, Jane Picton, a pauper, were living.  A careful examination= of the whole of the 1841 Census for Cosheston would reveal how many paupers th= ere were living in the parish.  Th= e term may be significant in indicating that they were eligible to poor relief from the parish, and if any Churchwardens Accounts for Cosheston survive they mi= ght be mentioned there.

 

It is not possible at this= time to deduce how the Census Enumerator made his way down West Street – d= id he go down one side and up the other, or zig-zag across the road?  However, because of the unique loc= ation of James Picton and his family, as the last family named living at West Str= eet and opposite the church, the Enumerator would have terminated at their hous= e no matter which of these two paths he had chosen to take.

 

It is perhaps worth noting= that by 1841 hardly anyone living on the west side of the parish, which is the m= ain part of the village fronting onto the Cleddau River, had connections with seafaring occupations.  Just o= ne seaman and a handful of fishermen remained.  There were a fair number of people= who worked in dockyards, and it is unclear without further detailed research if they were travelling to Pembroke Dock to work, or whether there were local shipyards in which they were employed.&nbs= p; The Tithe Map gives scant evidence for the latter, at least along the Cleddau River, although how far it was across Cosheston Pill to the nearest dockyard has yet to be ascertained.

 

On the basis that the prop= erty in which James Picton and his family had been identified, a further search = was made to ascertain who owned the fields and properties lying along West Stre= et at this time.  The results are tabulated below:

 

North Side of West Street, Cosheston

Total Area of House and L= and

Tithe Map

Numbers=

Occupier

Owner

Acres

Roods

Perches=

530

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

528

John Carduggan=

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

527

Thomas Canton<= /span>

Mrs Ann Barlow=

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

523, 524, 525

Charles Davis<= /span>

Abraham Leach<= /span>

7

3

10

524

Charles Davis<= /span>

Abraham Leach<= /span>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

522

George Brinn

Mrs Rebecca Phillips=

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

512, 518, 519 520<= o:p>

Jacob John

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

10

0

30

516, 517

John John

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

514, 563

John Phillips<= /span>

Abraham Leach<= /span>

9

3

22

506, 507 (?), 508, 509, <= b>510, 515, 590

John John

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

198

3

4

441

Thomas Twigg

Abraham Leach<= /span>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 

South Side of West Street=

Total Area of House and L= and

Tithe Map

Number<= /p>

Occupier

Owner

Acres

Roods

Perches=

385

Rev. J. Holcombe

Rev. J. Holcombe

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

390

Roger Duggan

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

391

William Phillips

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

398

Thomas Gudridge

Mrs Ann Barlow=

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

399

John Nicholas<= /span>

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

405

John Butler

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

407

Thomas Lewis

Abraham Leach<= /span>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

339

Rev. J. Holcombe

Rev. J. Holcombe

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

411

John John

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

414

Church<= /p>

Rev. J. Holcombe

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

389

Mrs Roch

Nicholas Roch<= /span>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 <= /p>

 


 

1840 TITHE SCHEDULE OF LANDOWNERS AND OCCUPIERS

 

LANDOWNER

TOTAL ACREAGE IN COSHESTO= N

Anne Barlow

 <= /b>

Thomas Canton, Esq.<= /o:p>

 <= /b>

Rev. W. P. Evans

 <= /b>

Heirs of the late Rev. J. Holcombe

 <= /b>

Rev. J. Holcombe

 <= /b>

William Jones<= /span>

 <= /b>

Abraham Leach, Esq.<= /o:p>

 <= /b>

Rebecca Phillips

 <= /b>

Nicholas Roch, Esq.<= /o:p>

 <= /b>

John Thomas

22  1  16

Orlando Harries Williams = Esq.

166  0  0

Rev. John Holcombe (Glebe= )

19  0  37

Total

1974  3  16

Public Roads

21  0  0

Cosheston Pill=

25  0  0

 

 

1765

9 Febru= ary 1803

1.    William Evans of Pembro= ke clerk;

2.    Maria Woods of Upton Ca= stle, widow;

3.    John Holcombe of Coshes= ton, clerk, and Samuel Jones of Pembroke, esq.;

4.    Abraham Leach of Corsto= n, Esq.

SETTLEMENT before the marriage of the said William Evans and M= aria Woods of the Manor of Upton, and Upton Castle and the advowson of the recto= ry of Nash and the Chapel of Upton, parishes of Nash and Upton.  Copy

 

7168-7368, 1760‑1775.  DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE conce= rning the affairs of John Powell Cuny of Golden near Pembroke, including letters = from John Powell Cuny from Pembroke, Hereford, The Hay, London, Farmington and Dublin mainly to Richard Knethell and Mark Knethell, attornies, at Hook near Haverfordwest, 1764‑1773 (Nos. 7168‑7251, 7310-7320) from Eliza= beth P. Cuny from Pembroke 1776, Jane Cuny and Mary Eliza Cuny from Gellyhyr and Gurry to Richard Knethell 1773 (Nos. 7258‑7262) and from James Powell, Grosvenor Street, London, Roger Allen, Freestonehall, J. Blackburn, Lincolns Inn, ? -- Brown, Golden Square, Thomas Beynon, Haverfordwest and Orlandon, = J. Campbell, Stackpole Court, -- Child, Llanelly, John Dagg, No. 1 Lincoln's I= nn New Square, George Devenold, Picton Castle, Anne Edward, Pembroke, Richard Fleming, Castle Yard, James Hughes, Carmarthen, Edward Moore, Deputy Receiv= er General, Millbank Street, London, George Meares, Pennar, W. Meare, Six Cler= ks Office, L. Pryce, Gellyhyr, Stephen Popham, London, William Robinson, No. 8 Castle Yard, Holborn, London, Thomas Stokes, Bristol, Darcy Tancred, Chance= ry Office, Iltid Thomas, Swansea, Walpole, Clark and Bourne, London, A. Wright, No. 86 New Bond Street, James Wogan, Exchequer Office, John Woodhouse and M= ary Rice mainly to Richard Knethell, attorney, at Hook who was receiver of the rents of the estates of John Powell Cuny and acted for him in Pembrokeshire (Nos. 7263‑7309).

 

The letters deal with the mortgage = of the Carew estate to John Mathias of Llangwarran and proposals for the sale of t= hat estate to meet the debts of John Powell Cuny, matters relating to the Grove= and Golden estate, the debt of John Powell Cuny to the Crown arising out of his office as collector of customs at Pembroke, his financial difficulties and arrangements to meet his creditors, disputes with his sisters Jane Cuny and Mary Eliza Cuny concerning their portions, arrangements by J. P. Cuny to se= ttle in America, etc. Among the documents (Nos. 7321‑7368) are a copy of t= he marriage articles of Walter Cuny, only son of Richard Cuny of the parish of= St. Mary, Pembroke, and Anne his wife, daughter in law of John Powell of the pa= rish of St. Michael, Pembroke, doctor of physic, 19 October 1734; an agreement to convey lands in Carew to George Devonald of Picton Castle, agent of Sir John Philipps 7 September 1762; bill of complaint of Jane Cuny and Mary Eliza Cu= ny against John Powell Cuny touching their claim to portions out of the Cuny estate, 4 February 1767, and other papers in this suit; notice to quit to tenants on the Carew estate, 1 August 1767; survey of the Carew‑Newton and Williamston estate belonging to John Powell Cuny by Henry John, surveyo= r, 1760; receipts from Roger Allen, John Mathias and John Powell Cuny, to Rich= ard Knethell, attorney, agent of John Powell Cuny, 1768‑1775; bills of co= sts; accounts and rentals of the Carew estate 1766‑71; particular of cash received by Mr. Arthur Meare from Mr. William Fender out of the estate of J= . P. Cuny during his minority 1748‑1754; memoranda of deeds of the Cuny estate; and a draft case touching the illegal sale by Mr. Munro to John Pow= ell Cuny of the Collectorship of the Customs of Pembroke.

 =

3893, 8 July 1785, WILL of Nicholas Roch of the = parish of St. Thomas, Haverfordwest, gent. [Copy]

 =


Cresswell Quay<= /span>

A small character area lying at the head of the Cresswell River, an inlet from the middle reaches of the Eastern Cleddau.  It lies within the parish of Jeffr= eyston and extends into Carew and Lawrenny parishes, which occupied the medieval Barony of Carew.  However, the= only early settlement known in this area, Cresswell Castle, now a mock-fortified residence of the late 16th- or early 17th-century, is not listed among John= de Carew’s estates in 1367.  Neither does it appear among George Owen’s list of Manors in c.1600 and it has been suggested that the estate was held by the Augustinian priory at Haverfordwest in the medieval period.

The Barlows of Slebech purchased it in 1553, and they bu= ilt the present mansion.  A chapel stands detached from the main building.&nb= sp; A wood was associated with the mansion and was described by George O= wen in c.1600 as “sufficient to serve (for) fuel and some for buildings”.  The estate remained in Barlow hands until the mansion was abandoned in c.1800.  Much of the present landscape appe= ars post-medieval in date and probably owes its origins to settlement associate= d with the coal industry.  This was intimately associated with the quay at Cresswell and both have been crucial= in defining the present landscape of the area.  Coal has been mined in this area s= ince the late medieval period.  Bet= ween 1768 and 1828 over 50 small pits were operating inland from the quay.  Several of these pits are shown on Carew Mountain and Whitehill on a 1777 estate map.&nbs= p; Coal was loaded onto barges at Cresswell and shipped down-river to Lawrenny where it was loaded onto larger ships.  Coal folds were constructed at the= quay to store coal prior to shipping.  By the 1820s the industry was in decline, although the last commercial use of = the quay was in 1948 when a load of culm was landed from Hook.  Houses and cottages built for and = by workers in the industry produced a distinctive settlement pattern and vernacular architecture, and a village developed at the quayside.  New settlements emerged at Pisgah, around a nonconformist chapel, and at Whitehill.  A map of 1848 of ‘Tenements = on Carew Mountain’ suggests that at least part of this settlement pattern was the result of miners constructing cottages on common land.  This may also account for the field system of small regular plots on the ‘mountain’ and at Whitehil= l.

CAREW, MILTON AND NASH

Historic Background

A large character area lying to the south of the Milford Haven Waterway.  It includes t= he ecclesiastical parishes of Pembroke St Mary, Cosheston, Monkton, Nash and Upton, all of which lay within the medieval Lordship of Pembroke, and Carew parish, of the medieval Barony of Carew.&n= bsp; Most of the present farms and landholdings can be identified with medieval Manors, which were however subject to a complex process of division and sub-infeudation following the break-up of the Earldom of Pembroke in 12= 47.  The part of Pembroke St Mary paris= h that is situated in this character area once lay within the Manor of Kingswood w= ith Golden, which was a demesne Manor of the Pembroke Lordship.  Here arable land-use is recorded, = in detailed accounts from the 14th century and 15th century, with issues from wheat, beans, peas, barley and oats.  However, meadowland, sheep and wool are also recorded, as well as profits from cloth processing – two fulling-mills were established he= re during the 15th century.  Late= r in the post-medieval period, the Manor became part of the Bush estate.

Bangeston, also in St Mary parish, is probably the ‘Benegareston’ that comprised 1/10th Knight’s fee held of= the Lordship, by John Beneger in 1324.  A chapel at Upton was recorded by Giraldus Cambrensis in c.1200, and= was normally subordinate to Nash parish.  The Manor of Upton was a castle-guard fee of the Lordship of Pembrok= e, and had merged with the Manor of Nash by the 14th century under its tenant Lords, the Malefants, who built a small stone castle at Upton.  The ‘Manor of Upton and Nash’ had descended to the influential Bowens by the 16th century.  Cosheston Manor, recorded in the 1= 3th century, was another castle-guard fee, comprising 2 Knight’s fees hel= d by the Wogans of Picton and Boulston in 1324.=   The area includes a small part of Monkton parish, held by the Benedictines of Monkton Priory, Pembroke.&= nbsp; Vills were also recorded at Brotherhill, Mayeston and Paskeston betw= een the 13th century and the16th century.

The various ownerships appear not to be reflected in differing tenurial arrangements, and a homogenous pattern of large, enclose= d, irregular fields exists, with little evidence of former open field systems.  Some of the enclosure appears to have been established over former woodland – Upton and Nash are included in George Owen’s list of the greater woods of Pembrokesh= ire in c.1601.  However, the easte= rn part of the area, within the parish and medieval Barony of Carew, exhibits a slightly different pattern.  T= his area, formerly part of Carew demesne, is laid out in a system of large regu= lar fields.  The creation of some = of these enclosures can be attributed to the 16th century Lord, Sir John Perro= t, as they are recorded in a survey of 1592 following his attainder to the Barony.  Some subdivision had occurred by the time of the Tithe survey of 1839.  The caput [head] of the Barony, at= Carew Castle, lies within this area.  Extensively rebuilt under Perrot in the late 16th century, it was abandoned during the 17th century.

The settlement at Carew has medieval origins, as has Car= ew Cheriton, the ‘church town’ - a separate settlement around the parish church of St Mary - which lies some distance from the castle.  Milton, with its medieval mill sit= e(s), represented 1 Knight’s fee held of the Barony, held in 1362, by the Malefants.  The village is pro= bably medieval in origin; the mansion house, however, is de novo from the 18th century.  Welston Court repres= ents a former holding of the Bishops of St Davids.  Although the area has remained ove= rwhelmingly agricultural, it does include part of the Milford Haven waterway foreshore, which has always been important in defining the area’s character.  Jenkins Point, in particular, was = an important shipping place, with early landing stages for the Benton and Lawr= enny Quay ferries.  The surrounding= 18th century and 19th century settlement has created a distinctive pattern of sm= all fields and numerous dispersed dwellings.&n= bsp; Estate maps of the late 18th century and early 19th century and Tithe maps of c. 1840 show that the landscape of today had already been establish= ed right across this area.  Only = minor changes have taken place since then, such as a slight increase in the numbe= r of dwellings along the waterway and the establishment of Cosheston Hall and Pa= rk over what once had been fields.

Grimes, Yvonne. Unusual Sources,= The Manorial Records of Cemais. Dyfed FHS Journal, Vol 4/9 April 1994.

Howell, D W. The Economy of the Landed Estates of Pembrokeshire c 1680-1830. The Welsh History Review, 3, No 3, 1967, p. 278.

Pembrokeshire Archives have an i= ndex for "Shipping and Ships".  They also hold the records for the port of Cardigan.  The People of Dyfed and the sea= .  Dyfed FHS Journal Vol 6/4, August 1998.  An extensive article, pp 134/142 describing resources available and several examples found at the various County Archives.  Other headings include: Steam Packets, Pembroke Dockyard and Pembrokeshire Lighth= ouse Keepers on the 1891 Census.

Hackett, Ted. Pembrokeshire Muster Books for 1613. Dyfed FHS Journal, Vol 4/9 April 1994.

 

The History and Topography of the Parish of Cosheston

 

Cosheston is a parish in the H= undred of Castlemartin, two miles from Pembroke, containing 678 inhabitants.  The village is beautifully situate= d on the southern declivity of a hill, the base of which is washed by an estuary= of Milford Haven, navigable for barges.  The living is a discharged rectory, in the Archdeaconry and Diocese = of St. David's, rated in the King’s books at £11.12s.11d, and in t= he patronage of Sir John Owen, Bart.  The church, dedicated to St. Michael, is an ancient structure, in the early style of English architecture, with a low tower surmounted by a spire= .  The poor children of this parish a= re admissible into the National School at Pembroke.  John Jones, Esq., M.D., in 1698, bequeathed certain property for apprenticing poor children, and the relief = of the aged and infirm, of the four parishes of Lawrenny, Cosheston, St. David= ’s, and Lampeter Velfry, with a discretionary power to his brother, the Rev. Mr. Jones, as executor, to add other parishes.=   Of the produce of this charity, Cosheston receives a sum amounting to about £30 per annum, which is appropriated agreeably to the direction= s of the testator.  The average ann= ual expenditure for the support of the poor amounts to £137:15s:0d [From = S. Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales, 1833].=

 

This small character area, comprising the settlement and enclosed strip-field system of Cosheston, lie= s at the head of Cosheston Pill.  I= t is within the parish, and medieval Manor of Cosheston.  Cosheston Manor, recorded in the 1= 3th century, was a castle-guard fee of the Lordship of Pembroke, the ward-rent being assessed at 8s in 1307.  It comprised 2 Knight’s Fees, held by Walter Benegar and others, in 1247, and by the Wogans of Picton and Boulston in 1324.  A ‘tenement called the Ha= ll of Cosheston’ was acquired by the Rossant family in 1556 and was assessed for two hearths in 1670.  The will of John Rossant, yeoman of Cosheston, was dated 9 October 1= 660 [PROB 11/300].  The hall was n= ot on the site of the present Cosheston Hall, which was established in a neighbou= ring area in the 19th century by the Allens of Cresselly.  The enclosed strips of the former = open field system associated with the medieval village surround the settlement of Cosheston, which now stretches east of the parish church.  When the tithe map for Cosheston p= arish was surveyed in 1841 all the main elements of the present historic landscape were in place.  The village is= shown as a linear nucleation surrounded by an extensive, enclosed strip field system.  Over the past 160 yea= rs the strip fields outside this character area have been converted to large, regu= lar fields and this process is still continuing.

 

It could be worth examinin= g the records of the Board of Trade (BT) under Class BT and the Customs, under CU= ST 17.  It is important to rememb= er that the Port of Milford and other smaller harbours on the Cleddau River wo= uld have formed part of the Port of Cardigan for administrative purposes.  This would also include Ports on t= he north coast of Pembrokeshire, such as Newport.

 

A major impact on the area was= the decision taken in 1810 to construct a Royal Dockyard at Pembroke Dock [initially called Pater], and to close gradually the one at Milford, which = had been operating since 1797 and was taken over by the Navy Board in 1800.  Milford only became a Royal Dockya= rd in 1809 and was probably closed by 1814 [Mrs Stuart Peters, History of Pemb= roke Dock, 1905; Phil Carradice, The Book of Pembrok= e Dock, The Story of a Town Buil= t to Create Ships, 1991, pp 124; Richard Rose, Pembro= ke People, Otterquill Books, London, 2000].

 

, published between 1779-1781 by Sayer and Bennett.  The NMM reference for the book is = D8506.

 =


 <= /span>

PCC= Wills Relating to Cosheston

&= nbsp;

&= nbsp;

Will o= f Owen Jones, Clerk of Cosheston, Pembrokeshire

31 Jul= y 1722

PROB 1= 1/586

Will o= f Peter Butler, Gentleman of Cosheston , Pembrokeshire

27 May= 1796

PROB 1= 1/1274

Will o= f Martha Roch, Widow of Cosheston , Pembrokeshire

4 Dece= mber 1839

PROB 1= 1/1920

Will o= f David Morgan, Mason of Cosheston , Pembrokeshire

12 May= 1829

PROB 1= 1/1756

Will o= f Revd. John Holcombe, Clerk of Cosheston, Pembrokeshire

30 Sep= tember 1842

PROB 1= 1/1968

&= nbsp;



[1]<= /span>     The following War Office maps in the PRO= may be useful, as they may show Cosheston on them.  They were all produced as a result= of the decision to construct a major Royal Navy dockyard at Pembroke in 1796.<= span style=3D'mso-spacerun:yes'>  The Dockyard was known as either Pembroke Dockyard or Pater.  WO 78/793 Plan (copy) of the Crown Lands at Peter Fort, Milford Haven, 6 October 1810, showing land conceded by the Ordnance to the Naval Department, 13 October 1812 (Order this document as MR 1/1373).  WO 78/= 885 Plan of Pater Church, West Lanyon, and Nailand Po= ints on Milford Haven, showing lands surrendered to the Navy, and those which sh= ould be reserved for the Ordnance (order this document as MPHH 1/550).  WO 78/916 Plan, with soundings, of Pater Church, West Lanyon and Nailand Points on Milford Haven (Order this document as MPHH 1/552).  WO 78/917 Plan, with soundings, of Pater Church, West Lanyon and Nailand Points on Milford Haven, showing lands which should be reserved= for the Ordnance, and those surrendered to the Navy (Order this document as MR 1/1396).  WO 78/= 919 Plans (with soundings) of Pater Church, West Lany= on, and Nailand Points, Milford Haven, showing lands reserved to the Ordnance a= nd those surrendered to the Navy (Order this document as MPHH 1/553).  MPI 1/460/3 Wales: Pembrokeshire: Milford Haven.=   Plan of lands at Paterchurch, West Lanion and Nailand, purchased by = the Admiralty.  Reference notes on= land areas.  Scale: 1 inch to 4 chains.  Compass star.  Surveyed in 1790 by Richard Davis Lewknor.  MS additions show the boundaries of the Dockyard and Admiralty land in 1861.

 

Class CUST 75 at t= he PRO contains Outport Records: Milford Haven, Neyland 1729-1930.  Unfortunately those for the period= of interest are missing and there is a gap in the records from 1771 to 1830.

 

[2]            =    Corston. Records of the Leach family of Corston, co. Pembroke, 1652-1900, including correspondence and family papers, C18th-C19th., and deeds, mostly relating = to south Pembrokeshire, some relating to coal mines, 1652-1890. NLW.

&= nbsp;

Revision 1.06 15 February 2008




E-Mail to Owen Picton
Return to Home Page
Last Modified June 2009
This site designed and maintained by Owen Picton.